Monday, December 22, 2008

English In Focus For Grade IX

Kata Sambutan ................................................................................. iii
Preface .......................................................................................... iv
Guide to Read This Book .................................................................... v
Chapter 1 Do It This Way! .................................................................... 1
Listening ........................................................................................ 2
• Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text .......... 2
• Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text .............. 5
Speaking ........................................................................................ 6
• Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure ............................. 7
• Asking repetition .......................................................................... 8
Reading .......................................................................................... 11
• Identifying characteristics of procedural texts ....................................... 11
• Reading aloud procedural texts ......................................................... 14
Writing ........................................................................................... 18
• Writing your own procedural text ....................................................... 21
Learning Essential ............................................................................. 22
Learning Review ............................................................................... 22
Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing ............................................................. 23
Listening ......................................................................................... 24
• Listening to monologue in the form of report texts ................................. 24
• Listening to expressions of showing hesitation ....................................... 26
• Listening to an art schedule from the radio ........................................... 27
Speaking ........................................................................................ 28
• Responding to hesitation ................................................................. 29
• Retelling the story in the form of report text ........................................ 31
Reading .......................................................................................... 34
• Studying the structure of a report text ................................................ 35
• Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas .......................................... 41
Writing ........................................................................................... 43
• Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form
of TV channels guide ...................................................................... 45
• Writing a report text ...................................................................... 47
Learning Essential ............................................................................. 48
Learning Review ............................................................................... 48
Chapter 3 Be Creative! ....................................................................... 49
Listening ......................................................................................... 50
• Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text ............................. 51
• Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration 51
• Listening to short functional text in the form of poster ............................ 54
vii
Speaking ......................................................................................... 55
• Showing attention and expressions of admiration .................................... 55
• Telling monologue in the form of procedural text ................................... 56
Reading .......................................................................................... 58
• Identifying characteristics of procedural text ........................................ 58
Writing ........................................................................................... 62
• Composing a procedural text ............................................................ 66
• Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster ....... 67
Learning Essential ............................................................................. 68
Learning Review ............................................................................... 68
Exercise of Chapters 1–3 .................................................................... 69
Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story .................................................................. 75
Listening ........................................................................................ 76
• Listening to someone giving interesting news or information ...................... 77
• Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form ............................ 81
• Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary ............................. 82
Speaking ......................................................................................... 83
• Telling interesting news or information ................................................ 83
• Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form ............... 85
Reading .......................................................................................... 87
• Reading texts in narrative form ......................................................... 88
• Identifying the structure of narrative text ............................................ 90
Writing ........................................................................................... 93
• Writing narrative texts ................................................................... 96
• Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story ........................................ 96
Learning Essential ............................................................................. 98
Learning Review ............................................................................... 98
Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter, Please ........................................................ 99
Listening ......................................................................................... 100
• Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner ...................... 101
• Listening to monologue in the form of a report text ................................ 103
Speaking ......................................................................................... 105
• Using polite expressions to show manner .............................................. 106
• Performing a monologue in the form of a report text ............................... 109
• Promoting something through an advertisement ..................................... 111
Reading .......................................................................................... 112
• Reading report text ....................................................................... 114
viii
Writing ........................................................................................... 120
• Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic ................................. 120
• Writing and sending a letter ............................................................. 124
Learning Essential ............................................................................. 126
Learning Review ............................................................................... 126
Exercise of Chapters 4–5 .................................................................... 127
Final Evaluation ................................................................................ 132
Bibliography .................................................................................... 140
Photo Credits ................................................................................... 141
Glossary ......................................................................................... 142
Index ............................................................................................. 144
Listening Script ................................................................................ 145
Answer Key ..................................................................................... 148
1
Do It This Way!
Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter
Listening
• Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text
• Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text
Speaking
• Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure
• Asking repetition
Reading
• Identifying characteristics of procedural texts
• Reading aloud procedural texts
Writing
• Writing your own procedural text
Source: www.germes-online.com
Chapter
1
2 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if
they need them?
2. Could you give an example of your “number one”
hint?
3. Have you ever received any useful hints from
another person or maybe from media?
4. What kind of hints were they?
5. Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear
or see?
Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. My white shirt
is stained. I think it’s better to use it for a cloth
or something.
Nayla : No! Don’t do that. Try my hints. First, put
a paper towel under the stain. Then, spray the
stain with hair spray. After that, rub the stain
gently with a clean cloth. Continue rubbing
until the stain is completely gone.
Nur : Are you sure?
Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times
and it works for me.
Nur : OK then, I’ll try it. Thanks so much, Nayla.
Answer the following questions orallyPractice 1 .
Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text;
• listen to a monologue in the form of procedure.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text;
• listen to a monologue in the form of procedure.
Listening
Speech Act
The expressions of certainty
Asking for certainty
• Are you certain?
Informal • Are you sure?
Do It This Way! 3
1. Nona : I haven’t slept well lately. I don’t know
why.
Ardi : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person
that doesn’t sleep easily. First, don’t think
too much. Then, drink a glass of hot milk
before sleeping. You will sleep really
well.
Nona : about it?
Ardi : .
2. Fadli : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily
and quickly?
Cinta : When I get a cold, 􀃀 rst, I take medicine.
Next, I go to sleep. Finally, when I get up,
I feel fresh again.
Fadli :
Cinta : .
Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions.
Role play
Practice 4 Practise the dialogue with your partner.
Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried
chicken. Then, write down the expressions you
have heard in your exercise book. Discuss it with
your partner.
Practice 5
Listen again to the tape. Write down each thing
Practice 6 you will need to make fried chicken.
• Really?
• Are you really certain about that, Sir/Ma’am?
Responding to certainty
• I’m quite sure....
• Certainly/de􀃀 nitely
• I’ve no doubt about....
Informal
Informal
Formal
(to older people or
a stranger)
4 English in Focus for Grade IX
Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in
Practice 5. Then, 􀃀 nd the English equivalent of
the following Indonesian words/phrases taken
from the dialogue.
1. satu sendok makan
2. gorenglah
3. satu sendok teh
4. campurkan
5. haluskan
Answer the following questions orally.
1. Do you like juice?
2. What kind of juice do you like?
3. What about other kinds of food?
4. Could you mention some of your favourite foods
and drinks?
Practice 7
Practice 8
Listen to the tape about the ingredients for
making a tropical fruit juice. Then, 􀃀 ll in the
following blank spaces.
Practice 9
How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice
Source: www.􀃁 heritage.com
Ingredients:
Do It This Way! 5
Now, 􀃀 ll in the blanks with the procedure of how
to make a tropical fruit juice while listening.
How to make:
1. a the b of papaya, pineapple, red
syrup together with some c into a blender
and d on high for one minute.
2. e , do the same to the remaining f ,
vanilla syrup and some ice cubes.
3. g , h the juice into some glasses, the
white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on
the top.
Practice 10
Listen to the tape about the announcement below
Practice 11 and 􀃀 ll in the blanks.
Join the Faces of the Month Competition!
• 1 together all of your friends (max. 15
persons).
• 2 your best pose and smile!
• 3 your photo with a digital camera or a
pocket camera.
• Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses.
• 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio,
Jln. Ria No.15, by 29 March 2008.
Source: ayiedyary.􀃀 les.wordpress
6 English in Focus for Grade IX
Answer the following questions orally.
1. What will you say if you want someone to repeat
something?
2. What do you feel if someone replies to your question
or statement in an unexpected way?
Practise the following dialogue.
Kesya : Hello, Resty. Look at my new purse. I made it
myself.
Resty : Hello, Kesya. Hey, that’s nice. Isn’t that your
old purse? The one that we bought one year
ago?
Kesya : Yup, that’s right.
Resty : How did you do that?
Kesya : Sorry. What did you say?
Resty : How did you do that, Kesya?
Kesya : Oh. Well, 􀃀 rst, I just added some colourful
buttons.Then, four–􀃀 ve glittery beads. Finally,
I gave my magic 􀃀 nishing touch, he... he...
he...
The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other
speaker to repeat what was said.
Practice 1
Practice 2
In this section, you will learn how to:
• respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text;
• express correctly to spoken act of repetition.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text;
• show expressions for asking repetition.
Speaking
1. Dance competition
2. Singing competition
3. Cooking competition
Now, make your own announcement. Choose one
of the Practice 12 following topics.
Do It This Way! 7
Class Project.
Your teacher will read the procedure of how to
make a paper aeroplane. Then listen to her/him
carefully and follow the instructions.
Practice 3
Speech Act
Expressions of asking repetition
• Sorry, I can’t hear you!
• I’m sorry. I didn’t catch what you said.
• Could you repeat again, please?
• Would you be louder, please?
• Sorry, what did you say?
Informal
Formal
(to older people or
a stranger)
How to Make a Paper Aeroplane
Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane.
You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper
1. Carefully follow the diagram and make paper
aeoplane from one A4 sheet.
2. Throw the 􀃁 at sheet of paper into the air and
watch its path.
8 English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, make your own dialogue with the expressions
for asking repetition. Act it out in front of the
class.
Practice 4
Answer the following questions orally.
1. Have you ever done a procedure by following some
instructions?
2. Is it dif􀃀 cult for you to do that?
3. Why is it dif􀃀 cult or not dif􀃀 cult?
Practice 5
Practise the following dialogue with your Practice 6 partner.
How to Make a Chocolate Ball
(Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now. It has been
quite long since they have contacted each other.)
(Oky knocks at the door)
“Yeah, just a moment please,” Sasha said.
(Sasha opens the door)
“Hi, Sasha. How are you?” greeted Oky.
“Oh, hi Oky, where have you been? I’m 􀃀 ne,
thanks. Come on in,”reply Sasha.
Note
Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for
repetition while doing the experiment.
3. Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air, and
watch its path.
Source: The Big Book of Science Projects, 2005
Do It This Way! 9
Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your
Practice 7 own words.
“Thanks Sas, I’ve been so busy lately. I am taking
many courses before my 􀃀 nal exams. By the way, it’s
been so long since I ate your delicious food. So, what
do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes
today?”
“I see. Well, since you’re my best pal, I don’t
mind. So, what snack do you prefer?”
“OK, then. What about a chocolate ball? I like
them very much.”
“Yes, sure. Why not? My mom and I just made
some yesterday, so I still have the ingredients.”
“OK. Let’s go to the kitchen.”
“First of all, you should prepare a can of
chocolate milk, three packs of milk biscuits, one pack
of colourful chocolate sprinkles, and toothpicks just
for accessories.”
“Yup. Mmm...what if we use solid chocolate
instead of chocolate milk?”
“No. We can’t use solid chocolate. It tastes
bitter.”
“Oh, OK. Let’s continue.”
“Now, smash the biscuit until it seems like a
powder. Then, stir it. Next, add the chocolate milk
and at the same time stir it thoroughly, until the
mixture becomes hard.”
“Uhm-hm...what about if the mixture is runny?
What will happen?”
“Well, make sure it’s not too runny. It should be
somewhere in between hard and mild. So, it will be
easy to form balls with.”
“OK. Then...?”
“After that, we can start to form it like balls, just
like this. Finally, roll the ball in to colourful chocolate
sprinkles. Place it in the small cookie paper, stick in
the toothpicks for handles. It’s 􀃀 nished.”
“Wow...that’s easy. I thought it was complicated.
Thanks a lot. Shall we eat now?”
“Yeah, as easy as that. Let’s eat.”
10 English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, create your own tips/advice about something
then share it with Practice 10 the class.
Practice 11 Announce it to the class.
1. First, loosen the clothing around your neck.
2. Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril.
3. Then sit down with your head leaning forward.
4. Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding.
5. If your nose continues to bleed, call a doctor.
What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding?
Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following 􀃀 rst-aid instructions.
Work in groups. Try to create your own advice
about something and share it with the class.
Compare with other groups’ work.
Practice 9
Pronounce It!
1. /tʃ / (ch)
chocolate /tʃɒklət/
chain /tʃeɪn/
2. /ɵ/ (th)
think /ɵɪŋk/
3. /ŋ/ (ng)
sung /sʌŋ/
4. /ʃ / (sh)
sheep /ʃ i:p/
Make Your Own Accessories
Come to Activity Room
at 4 this afternoon!
You will learn to make
a simple brooch, a hairpin,
and more....
Source: www.artcraft.com
Y
Do It This Way! 11
1. Where do you think you will 􀃀 nd this kind of
announcement?
2. Can you say brie􀃁 y what the announcement is about?
3. Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is
interesting? Why?
Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• identify procedural text by looking through pictures;
• read aloud a procedure correctly.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• understand a procedural text in the form of pictures;
• read a procedural text correctly.
Reading
1 2
You will need :
gravel a jug full of pond water
a net an aquarium tank
water plants a bucket
water animals
Goal/purpose Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem
Materials
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then,
Practice 1 rearrange the instructions based on the pictures.
12 English in Focus for Grade IX
• Then, spread the gravels over base of the tank.
• Now, add a jug full of pond water.
• First of all, put the gravel in a net and pour a jug
full of water on it.
• Next, add some water plants from an aquarium
centre.
• Finally, add a few water animals you have
collected from local ponds.
• After that, 􀃀 ll in the tank about half way and pour
the water gently from a jug.
• There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the
tank in bright light, but not in direct sunlight.
Taken from Hands on Science; Nature, 2008
The covering
Steps
The frame
Source: Hands on Science; Nature, 2008
3 4
What Is a Procedural Text?
Basically, procedural texts are part of our daily life. The
tell us how something is done through steps or actions.
We often use procedural texts, even though we rarely
realise it. The examples are when we follow the instructions
of a recipe on television, read a manual on, how to turn on
a CD player, do a simple scienti􀃀 c experiment, etc.
The structure of a procedural text
• Goal/purpose
Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem
• Materials (precise information, how long, how
many, what type).
Example: water plants, a bucket
• Steps: What to do
Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank.
• The frame (commands, details, how, with what)
Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water
on it.
• The covering (where, action verbs).
Example: Place the tank in bright light.
Note
Do It This Way! 13
Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box.
1. You can use to decorate your aquarium.
2. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem.
3. Add to the base of the tank.
4. You can 􀃀 nd water animals from nearby .
5. Use a to 􀃀 lter the water.
6. Fill full of water.
jug gravel tank
water plants ponds net
Answer the following questions based on the text
Practice 4 in Practice 1.
1. What do you do after you put the gravel in a net?
2. What is the next step before you add a jug full of
pond water?
3. Where do you add some water plants?
4. Why do you pour the water from the jug gently?
5. Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in
direct sunlight?
In pairs, match each word in column A with its
Practice 2 meaning in column B.
No. A B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
jug
tank
pond
net
pebbles
gravel
base
a. loose open material of
knotted string wire
b. small stones
c. small stones made
smooth and round by
water
d. the lowest part of
something.
e small area of water
f. large container for
liquid or gas
g. deep container for
liquids
14 English in Focus for Grade IX
Read the following procedure Practice 5 carefully.
Making papercraft is
really fun. We can make
many forms from a
piece of paper. To make
a papercraft you can
click on www.cp.cp-ij.
com or www.papercraftworld.
blogspot.com. There
you can download free
papercraft models.
Log On
Fill in the blanks with the words in the box.
The man wants to take a picture of a bird. He uses a
1 . The picture will be saved in a 2 . When
he wants to see the results of the picture, he puts it into
the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or
monitor.
Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2004
UN Challenge
video recorder CD ROM video compact disc
Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes
You will need : • 2 bulbs in bulb holders
• 3 wires
• a battery
• coloured card
• coloured paper
• scissors
• sticky tape
• glue
1. Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb
holder.
Do It This Way! 15
2. Connect the other end of one of these wires to
the second bulb holder. Connect your third wire
to the other screw on the second bulb holder.
3. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery.
4. Cut the card into a monster face with two eye
holes. Push the bulbs through the holes in the
back of the card. Tape the bulbs and the battery
onto the back of the card.
5. Turn the monster face around. Finish it by gluing
on a paper mouth and nose. Watch the eyes
glow!
Taken from How Does It Work?, 2001
16 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. What should you do to make a monster?
2. Where should you attach a wire?
3. Which tool should you connect to the second bulb
holder?
4. What do you connect to the ends of the battery?
5. Where do you push the bulbs to?
6. Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery?
Answer the following questions based on the
textPractice 6 .
1. What is the purpose of the text?
2. Can you state the materials you will need?
3. How many steps are there?
4. How about the frame? Mention some commands,
details and tools.
5. Can you write 􀃀 ve action words from the text?
Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5.
Practice 7 The following clues will help you.
Decide whether the following statement is true
(T) or false (F) based on the text. Correct the
false one.
Practice 8
1. You need three batteries to make a monster with
bright eyes.
2. Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes.
3. You also need glue for the experiment.
4. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s
eyes.
5. Connect your third wire to the other screw.
6. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the
back of the card.
7. Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose.
Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives
Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders, when these
are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/
reader). This structure can be considered a kind of imperative.
Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1
Gramma r Stage
Do It This Way! 17
Make the imperatives of the following sentences.
State them orally.
1. Ask your friend to cook together.
2. Add some salt by yourself.
3. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly.
4. Ask your friend to get lunch together.
5. Ask your friend to make an aquarium together.
6. Keep the water boiling.
7. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant
together.
8. Keep stirring coconut milk.
Practice 9
• We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or
to give orders to a group that includes the speaker.
Let us pray.
Let’s have a drink.
OK, let’s all get moving.
• Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English; let’s is used as
a short answer.
“Let’s go for a walk, shall we?” “Yes, let’s.”
• There are two possible negatives, with let us not and do not let us
(informal let’s not/don’t let’s).
Let us not despair. (formal)
Let’s not get angry. (informal)
Do not let us forget those who came before us. (formal)
Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight. (informal)
Forms with don’t, let’s (and let’s, don’t in American English) are very
informal.
• Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’; the expressions
• Let me see and Let me think are very common.
eg. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think. Yes, I
reckon eight o’clock will be early enough.”
Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester?
Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham...
Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you.
• In a very informal style, let’s is often used to mean let me.
Let’s see. Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham...
• Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or
something else, not the speaker or hearer. This is common in formal
and ceremonial language, but informal uses are also possible.
eg. Let the prayers begin.
Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory
and our interests, wherever they may be.
“Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl.”
“Let him be. I don’t care.”
18 English in Focus for Grade IX
Read the following explanation carefully.
When you want to tell someone how to do something,
the 􀃀 rst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the
process. Then, you should arrange the steps according to
time order. When you write your paragraph, you should
give/use signal words to guide your reader from one
step to the next.
Note
Time-order (signal words)
• First, second, third • Next
• First of all • Now
• Then • Finally
• After that
Practice 1
Read the following procedure Practice 2 carefully.
Horizon
New
The piramyd in Egypt
was designed by writers,
astronomers and
goverment of􀃀 cers. The
most famous one was
Imhotep. He was one of
the welknown architects
in Egypt.
Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya
dan Jawab Seni, Olahraga dan
hiburan, 2005
In this section, you will learn how to:
• write a procedural text.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• write a procedural text correctly.
Writing
The Brine Effect
You will need : table salt, a large glass, an egg,
a teaspoon, a dessert spoon and
water.
How to do it:
1. We half 􀃀 ll the glass
with water. Then, using
the dessert spoon, we
carefully put the egg in
water.
The egg sinks to the bottom.
Do It This Way! 19
Identify the time order (signal words) and the
Practice 3 structure in Practice 2.
Follow-up Activity
Find a simple recipe from the internet, a magazine, or a
recipe book. Make dishes from it, then surprise a family
member. Ask them to taste it. They will be happy because
of your attention.
2. Now we add 10 tablespoons
of salt in water and mix
thoroughly to make brine.
3. We put the egg in the water
again.
The egg 􀃁 oats.
4. We take the egg out and
slowly 􀃀 ll the glass totally.
5. We put in the egg again.
The egg remains suspended in
the centre of the glass.
Do you know why?
In the 􀃀 rst stage, the egg was denser than clear water,
so it sank. In the second stage, salt water (brine) was
denser than clear water, helping the egg to 􀃁 oat.
Finally, when clear water was added, it 􀃁 oated on
the brine, making the egg sty in the middle, as it
has more density than clear water, but less than the
brine.
Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects, 2005
20 English in Focus for Grade IX
Work in pairs. Arrange the jumbled letters by
looking at the box that Practice 4 follow.
Let’s Make Butter􀃁 y Garden
1. ts􀃀 r fo lla, you
need to wgro some
plants from dees or
buy young plants.
Wearing a pair of
sveolg, dig over your
chosen ctpah of earth
with a trowel.
3. teafr hatt, dig several
small slohe for your
plants with the
trowel. hten, place the
plants in the holes
and sspre the earth
wodn 􀃀 rmly with
gloved hands around
the sbae of each plant.
4. inlylifa, water your
plants well. They will
need to be watered
regularly. It would
be tetber to twaer your
plants at kuds.
2. etxn, break up any
large dsclo of earth
with a trowel. Won
start to take over
the pot of your plot
so that the earth is
evenly spread and
crumbly.
Do It This Way! 21
5. dcorer which
butter􀃁 ies you can
see visiting your
beautiful 􀃁 owers?
Which is the most
popular plant?
Taken from Hands on Science;
Nature, 2008
(names of your procedural
text)
Materials :
Steps :
Identify the instructions that you can 􀃀 nd in the
text. Then, write them down in your exercise
book.
Practice 5
In your exercise book draw a form like the
example below. Then, write your own procedural
text. You are free to choose the topic.
Practice 7
grow
􀃀 rst of all
then next 􀃀 nally
holes better clods
seed
gloves water press rake
now
down
record base after that patch dusk
In groups of three, make a procedural text. Then,
tell the class what you have created. Compare
with other groups.
Practice 6
22 English in Focus for Grade IX
• Language Function
􀊇 Asking for certainty
- Are you certain?
- Are you sure?
􀊇 Responses for certainty
- I'm quite sure ...
- I've no doubt about ...
􀊇 Asking repetition
- Sorry, I can't hear you!
- I'm sorry. I didn't catch what you said.
• Genre of text: Procedure
􀊇 Social function : To describe how something is acomplished
through a sequence of actions or steps
􀊇 Generic structure:
- Goal - Steps
- Materials - The frame
- The covering
1. First of all, you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young
plants.
2. Next, break up any large clods of earth with a trowel.
3. After that, dig several small holes for your plants with the
trowel....
• Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative
Examples
Let me help you.
Let’s have a snack.
L e a r n i n g E s s e n t i a l
After studying all subjects in this chapter, answer the
following questions.
1. What have you learned in this chapter?
2. What do you say to ask for certainty?
3. What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend
says?
If you 􀃀 nd some dif􀃀 culties while answering the questions,
you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult
your teacher.
L earning Review
23
Let’s Dance and Sing
Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter
Listening
• Listening to monologue in the form of report texts
• Listening to expressions of showing hesitation
• Listening to an art schedule from the radio
Speaking
• Responding to hesitation
• Retelling the story in the form of report text
Reading
• Studying the structure of a report text
• Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas
Writing
• Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels
guide
• Writing a report text
Source: www.indonesia-ok
Chapter
2
24 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. What kind of music do you like?
2. Why do you like it?
3. Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/
her?
4. What kinds of songs do you like?
5. How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a
month?
Pop Song
Pop songs come from movies and pop composers.
The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about
2 . They are played by 3 in dance halls,
cafe, restaurants, and the night clubs and on 4 .
The bands consist of six to more than six 5 . The
boys bands are 6 today. 7 held by Maroon
Five, Ungu, Gigi, Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of
people. And last but not least 8 of Indonesian
Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old
people. They are successful because they are singers
of great 9 and they can 10 well before an
audience.
Answer the following questions orallyPractice 1 .
Listen to the tape carefully. While listening, 􀃀 ll
Practice 2 in the missing words on the text.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• listen to a monologue in the form of report texts;
• listen to some expressions of showing hesitation.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• understand expressions of hesitation;
• identify a monologue in the form of report texts;
• get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio.
Listening
Let’s Dance and Sing 25
Your will hear the text from the tape again. While
listening, state whether the following statements
are true (T) or false (F).
1. Pop songs come from pop composers only.
2. The songs are complex.
3. The bands always consist of eight persons.
4. Boy bands are not popular today.
5. Gigi is a boy band.
6. The boy bands are successful because of their
physical appearance.
Find the synonyms of the following words taken
from the text in Practice 2. Consult your dictionary
for help.
1. come from
2. popular
3. attract
4. fascinate
5. well
Practice 3
Practice 4
Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words.
Pronounce It!
1. popular : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/
2. record : /rɪˈkɔ:d/
3. beat : /bi:t/
4. emerge : /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/
5. tremendous : /trɪˈməndəs/
6. industry : /ˈɪndəstrɪ/
7. entertainment : /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/
8. sold : /səʊld/
26 English in Focus for Grade IX
Answer the following questions orally.
1. What would you do to state your hesitation about
something?
2. Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty?
Give your reason.
Work in pairs. Listen to the text from the tape
then try to retell it in your own words. Discuss it
with your friend.
Practice 6
Practice 7
Now, study the following explanation Practice 8 carefully.
Listen to the short dialogues from the tape. Then,
answer the following questions.
1. Who is Mr Herman?
2. What will Budi have the next day?
3. Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy?
4. Does Yurike agree with Sute?
5. What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter?
6. What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter?
7. What is Dora going to see next month?
8. Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why?
9. Where is the new art gallery?
10. What is Rani waiting for?
11. Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the
Gigi Band?
12. Whom is Ronnie talking to?
Practice 9
Speech Act
Showing Hesitation
• I’m not too sure ....
• I couldn’t say ....
• I couldn’t really be sure about ....
• There’s some doubt in my mind that/about ....
• I’m afraid I can’t be certain about ....
• I’m not convinced about ....
• There’s surely some doubt about ....
Informal
Formal
(to older people or
a stranger)
Let’s Dance and Sing 27
No. Place Day
1.
2.
3.
Time Art Exhibition
Listen to the tape carefully. Then, write down
the expressions for showing hesitation you have
heard in your exercise book.
Practice 10
Listen to the art schedule in the radio, then
Practice 11 complete the following table.
Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio
Practice 12 station, then share it to the class.
Source: www.offshoreradio.co.uk
Find new artist and
album that you like
much. Then make a
report about them.
For help click to www.
sonybmg.co.id or you can
use the search engine
www.google.com with the
name of the artist or the
album as a keyword.
Log On
28 English in Focus for Grade IX
Source: www.unj.ac.id, www.banten.go.id
1. Do you like dancing?
2. What kind of dancing do you like?
3. What is the difference between modern dances and
traditional dances?
Study the following pictures carefully. Then,
answer the questions that follow orallyPractice 1 .
Practice 2 Now, study the following expressions.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• respond to speech, such as responding to hesitation correctly;
• retell the text in the form of a report.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• use the expressions for responding to hesitation;
• do a monologue in the form of reported text.
Speaking
Speech Act
Responding to Hesitation
• I’m a hundred percent certain ....
• You can be sure about ....
• I’ve no doubt about ....
• ...absolutely positive/certain ....
Informal
Let’s Dance and Sing 29
Examples:
• Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the
music of joy.
• We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional
art is becoming extinct.
• Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people
love rock music.
Lana and Siska
Lana, are you sure
you’re going to your
singing course this
afternoon?
I couldn’t say right now.
My uncle is sick, and my
sister asked me to visit
him at 5.00 p.m.
Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully.
Surya and Kristin
There’s some doubt in
my mind that Britney
Spears can really sing
well without lip-sync.
I don’t think there can
be any doubt about
that. She can really
sings beautifully without
lip-sync.
• ...(surely) that’s obvious, (isn’t it?), (say with a smile, and
only to friends, it can sound rude)
• It’s quite certain ....
• I’m (quite) convinced/that ....
• I don’t think there can be any doubt about that ....
• I don’t think there can be any doubt ....
• I’m fairly sure ....
• There’s no/very little doubt in my mind ....
• There can’t be any doubt ....
Formal
(to older people or
a stranger)
Informal
30 English in Focus for Grade IX
Father and Soni
What do you think
of the dancers, Son?
I’m not all convinced
that they had good
preparation before,
Dad.
1. Who hesitates to go to the singing course?
2. Why is that?
3. Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync?
4. What does Soni think of the dancers?
Now, identify the expressions for responding to
hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. Then,
act it out.
Practice 4
Answer the following questions orally, based on
the dialogues in Practice Practice 5 actice 3.
Respond to what your teacher says. Use the
expressions of showing and responding to
hesitation.
1. Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can
really help our body to stay healthy?
2. I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our
country.
3. Young people prefer rock music to pop music.
4. When we dance, we have fun.
5. I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by
dancing.
6. Balinese dances are famous throughout the world.
Practice 6
Let’s Dance and Sing 31
In groups of four, discuss the following statements.
Then, each group asks their representative to
speak on their discussion’s result from number 1
to number 4. Use the expressions that you have
learnt.
1. Dancing is moving the body together with music.
2. Most people dance to have fun.
3. We can also dance when we are in a bad mood
condition.
4. Dancing belongs to rich people.
Practice 7
Answer the following questions orally.
1. How is the development of dance in our country?
State your opinion based on the dances that you
often see on TV.
2. Can you predict the development of Indonesian
dances in the future? Give your opinion.
3. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the
future? Why?
Practice 8
Dance
Our body can perform some actions such as
rotating, bending, stretching, jumping, and turning.
With all these physical actions, we can create a number
of body movements.
Every culture emphasises certain features in
its dance styles. For example, lilin dance from West
Sumatra, has some candles carried by the dancer, or
topeng dance from Betawi, uses a mask to perform its
dance. And there are many more.
Basically, our body has the potential to be
developed, usually through long periods of special
training. For example, in ballet, the ballerina exercises
to rotate, or turn out the legs at the hips and many
more.
Your teacher will read the following text. Listen
Practice 9 to her/him carefully.
Horizon
New
The rebana is a frame
drum. It is a part of
Islamic performance in
Indonesia. The rebana
has tubular bodies made
of wood or metal and a
membrane covering one
end only.
Taken from Indonesian Heritage:
Performing Arts: 1996
32 English in Focus for Grade IX
Answer the following questions based on the text
orally. Study the questions 􀃀 rst.
1. What can our body perform?
2. What is the use of some physical actions?
3. Could you give an example that every culture
emphases certain features in its dance?
4. Could you mention another example of our body’s
potential?
Practice 10
Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words.
(Your answer can be Practice 12 the guide).
Read the following explanation carefully. Then,
do the exercise.
The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or
eliminated in their second element.
Examples: tyre /taɪə/
tower /tɑ ʊə/
• Now, 􀃀 nd in your English dictionary the phonetic
symbols of the following words. Then, pronounce
them.
1. shine
2. shower
3. 􀃀 re
4. diary
Practice 13
1. human beings
2. certain feature
3. perform some actions
4. number of body movements
5. culture emphases
6. jumping and turning
7. dance styles
8. basically
9. the legs at the hips
Work in pairs. Discuss with your friend the
meaning of the following words/phrases taken
from the text. Then use your dictionary to write
the phonetic symbols.
Practice 11
Let’s Dance and Sing 33
Gerunds
The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun. For this
reason it is also called a verbal noun.
Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth. (Active)
He dislikes being told what to do. (Passive)
Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret. (Active)
He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room.
(Passive)
Gerund vs Present Participle
• You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund
or a present participle. Remember that the participle has the force
of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun:
Singing is one of my hobbies. (Gerund)
The girl singing now is my sister. (Participle)
Gerunds Participle
a running-track running water
a diving-suit planning trip
Gerund : Subject & Object
a. The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence:
Working for that lady is a pleasure.
b. As the subject, the gerund may have its own object:
Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake.
c. The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’:
There’s no sign of the bus coming.
d. The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence, after
these verbs:
begin need deny detest keep
bear allow escape remember resent
risk enjoy avoid imagine start
miss hate 􀃀 nish prevent love
stop like defer practise worth
eg. “Stop talking!” the man commanded.
We avoid meeting him.
Gramma r Stage
UN Challenge
Arrange the following jumbled words into a good
sentence
buying - did not - clothes - money - much - we - spend
- for.
a. 6 - 2 - 7 - 5 - 4 - 8 - 1 - 3 c. 6 - 2 - 7 - 5 - 3 - 1 - 4 - 8
b. 3 - 2 - 1 - 6 - 7 - 5 - 2 - 8 d. 3 - 2 - 5 - 1 - 6 - 7 - 4 - 8
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
34 English in Focus for Grade IX
Answer the following questions orally.
1. Do you like rock music?
2. In your opinion, how is the development of rock
music today?
3. What is the difference between the rock music today
and the rock music ten years ago?
Practice 1
In this section, you will learn how to:
• identify the characteristic in the form of report text;
• identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• know the characteristics of a report text;
• know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text.
Reading
Supply the gerund form of the verb in the
brackets.
Example:
(Collect) stamps is my hobby.
Collecting stamps is my hobby.
1. Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’?
2. He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the
bus.
3. I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs.
4. “Neil, thank you for (help) my little brother,” she
said.
5. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do.
6. My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water.
7. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French.
8. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last
minute.
9. She has completed (pack) her bags.
10. The chairman left the conference room without (say)
anything or (look) at anyone.
Practice 14
Let’s Dance and Sing 35
Practice 2 Read the text carefully.
Read the text again and answer the following
questions.
1. Where is rock music played and listened to?
2. What was the name given to the music developed in
the early 1950’s?
3. Who was Elvis Presley?
4. What happened after he appeared on nation-wide
television?
5. Who emerged after Elvis?
6. Do you agree with the statement that says rock is
become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give
your reason.
7. What happened in the 1970’s?
Practice 3
Rock M usic
Rock music is part of popular music today. It is
played and listened in almost every countries in the
world. Rock and roll was the name given to the music
that developed in the early 1950’s. It is believed that
the term rock and roll was 􀃀 rst used by a disk jockey,
Alan Freed.
In 1955, records of a young singer from Tennessee,
Elvis Presley, were heard across the US. After he
appeared on nation-wide television, Elvis Presley’s
singing and his performing style came to mean rock
and roll all over the world. Then came Bill Haley and
The Comets. Rock mainly became the music of the
young. They understood its beat and sound, and its
lyrics.
The 1970’s were the time of big developments in
the rock industry. Rock became a very big business,
earned more money annually than any other form of
entertainment including the 􀃀 lm industry.
Taken from The Book of Knowledge, 2007
General
classi􀃀 cation
Description
36 English in Focus for Grade IX
The text in Practice 2 describes the series of
events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance.
Below are some of his actions. Read the text again
and put the actions in a correct order.
1. He appeared on nation-wide television.
2. He was a young singer from Tennessee.
3. His performing style was rock and roll.
4. He was heard across the US.
Practice 5
1. What is the best title for the text?
a. Music.
b. Kinds of Music.
c. Rock Music.
d. Music from Time to Time.
2. What is the main idea of paragraph
one?
a. Rock and Roll was the name
given by Alan Freed.
b. Alan Freed was the one who
used the term rock and roll.
c. Rock music is played and listened
in most countries.
d. Rock music is part of popular
music today.
3. What does the word “it” in paragraph
one line 1 refer to?
a. Popular music.
b. Rock music.
c. Rock and Roll.
d. All countries.
4. The main idea of paragraph two is
.
a. in 1955
b. young singer
c. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard
across the US
d. young singer from Tennessee, Elvis
Presley
5. The supporting idea of paragraph two
is .
a. Elvis Presley’s singing and his
performing style
b. After Elvis appeared on nationwide
television
c. Bill Haley and The Comets
d. Elvis Presley’s performing style
6. What is the supporting idea of
paragraph three?
a. Rock mainly became the big
business.
b. The 1970’s were the time of big
developments in rock music.
c. Rock music vs 􀃀 lm industry.
d. By the early 1970’s.
7. Which statement is not true based on
the text?
a. Rock is popular among young
people.
b. The term rock and roll wasn’t
􀃀 rst used by a disk jockey, Alan
Freed.
c. Rock became a very big business
at that time.
d. Bill Haley and The Comets sang
rock and roll in their times
Choose either a, b, c, or d based on Practice 4 the text.
Let’s Dance and Sing 37
Match the italicized words in the following
sentences with their meanings or synonyms in
the box. Discuss it with a friend.
1. Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley.
Almost means .
2. After he appeared on nation-wide television, his
singing and performing style came to mean rock and
roll all over the world.
Appeared means .
Practice 7
What Is a Report Text?
The 􀃀 rst point we should be aware of is the general
de􀃀 nition and the classi􀃀 cation of each subject that
we intend to write in the form of reported text. But,
do not forget that a report text is different from a
descriptive text. Description text has a function to give
an explanation about a speci􀃀 c subject.
The following are examples of a report text and a
descriptive text.
Report text (more general)
Music
Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting
patterns. People use music for a part of ceremonies,
such as religious services, parades, and weddings.
People also use music to show their feelings and
ideas.
Descriptive text (more speci􀃀 c)
Music Box
Music boxes are small instruments that play
tunes by themselves. The music-making parts of a
music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of
different lengths. A spring or a set of wheels turns the
cylinder.
Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully.
38 English in Focus for Grade IX
nearly yearly
chie􀃁 y came
Source: brangwetan.􀃀 les.wordpress.com
Source: www.kbrimanila.org2.ph
Source: www.kbrimanila.org.ph
Source: appreciativeorganization.􀃀 les.
wordpress.com
Work with your friend. Look at the pictures and
Practice 8 answer the questions orally.
3. Rock mainly became the music of the young.
Mainly means .
4. Rock became a very big business, earning more
money annually than the 􀃀 lm industry.
Anually means .
Let’s Dance and Sing 39
1. Can you describe the pictures?
2. Where do the dances come from?
3. What do you think of the dancers’ costumes?
4. Can you mention the names of the dances you know
already?
Practice 9 Read the text carefully.
Work in pairs. Identify the characteristic of the
Practice 10 text.
The Chinese In􀃁 uence in Indonesian Visual Art
Chinese culture played a truly signi􀃀 cant role in
the development of visual art in Indonesia although not
as strong as the Hindu, Buddhist or Muslim in􀃁 uences.
Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were
adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. The
Chinese in􀃁 uence was restricted to an adapted form.
The architectural elements in some temples for
example, reveal Chinese in􀃁 uence. It is identical to the
original models found in mainland China. In Gianyar
Bali, strong links between the Chinese and local people
are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo􀃀 ng on the
palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. In
Cirebon, China designs were copied by local ceramics
and paintings. Chinese in􀃁 uence also occurs in textile,
furniture and household objects.
Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art, 2003
Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art, 2003
40 English in Focus for Grade IX
A B
culture
in􀃁 uence
indigenous
restrict
original
mainland
evidence
palace
rebuilt
household
a. bukti
b. dibangun kembali
c. dibatasi
d. asli
e. budaya
f. keraton
g. alat-alat rumah tangga
h. pengaruh
i. pribumi
j. dataran utama
NO.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Match each word in column A with its Indonesian
equivalent in column B. Use your dictionary if
necessary.
Practice 11
Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box.
1. Chinese culture played a truly signi􀃀 cant role ....
Played means .
2. ... although not as strong as the Hindu, Buddhist or
Muslim in􀃁 uence.
Not as strong as means .
3. Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were
adapted and assimilated into indigenous form.
Adapted means .
Assimilated means .
4. It is identical to the original models found in mainland
China.
Identical means .
5. ... and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style
roo􀃀 ng
Evidenced means .
have the same form
take in or absorb give a reason for believing
have a role
not very strong take and use something
Practice 12
Let’s Dance and Sing 41
Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully.
A paragraph is developed by three parts. Main idea,
supporting idea and concluding idea.
• Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about.
• Supporting idea consists of evidences, examples and
explanation of main idea.
• Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting
idea into one complete paragraph so, we can get the
meanings.
Examples are taken from Practice 9.
Main idea
Chinese culture played a truly signi􀃀 cant role in the
development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong
as the Hindu, Buddhist or Muslim in􀃁 uences.
Supporting idea
Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were
adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. The Chinese
in􀃁 uence was restricted to an adapted form. The architectural
elements in some temples for example, reveal Chinese in􀃁 uence.
It is identical to the original models found in mainland China.
In Gianyar Bali, strong links between the Chinese and local
people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo􀃀 ng on the palace
that was rebuilt at the end of the last century.
Concluding idea
China designs were copied by local ceramics and
paintings. Chinese in􀃁 uence also occurs in textile, furniture
and household objects.
42 English in Focus for Grade IX
Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words
by developing the main idea, supporting and
concluding idea.
Practice 15
Now, try to 􀃀 nd main idea, supporting idea and
concluding idea of the Practice 14 following text.
Woodcraft
The developing of wood in
Indonesia from earliest times,
provided the people with the raw
materials to produce functional and
artistic artefacts. Many motifs found
in prehistoric artefact used bronze in
woodcarving. Indian in􀃁 uences from
around the 􀃀 rst century AD led to the
developing of a new designs.
Introduction of Islam in the 21th
century made some of the designs
were lost. The existing motifs that
remain today are in􀃁 uenced most
with religious style.
Climatic condition problem have
eliminated some remain of wooden
artefacts from a very early date, it’s not
leaving many evidence, but it seemed
the woodcarving was an early form of
artistic expression.
So, we have known now that woodcarving is
an old art and keep developing into many form and
designs.
Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art, 2003
Let’s Dance and Sing 43
Practice 1 Read and study the following text.
Identify the characteristic of the text. Then
identify main idea, supporting idea and concluding
idea.
Practice 2
In this section, you will learn how to:
• get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels
guide;
• write and produce a report text and its other form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels
guide;
• write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words.
Writing
The earliest Indonesian art
marked by cave paintings and the
arts of the pre-Hindu period. Then
came after various design in􀃁 uences
– Hindu Buddhist, Chinese, Islamic,
and Western; all of these helped to
shape the development of what we
now see as traditional art.
However, one must remember
that there are more than 300 diverse
ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have, in
their own ways, played a fundamental role in the
development of Indonesian traditional and modern
art.
Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art, 2003
Indonesian Art
44 English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, together with your friend classify the list
of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide
in Practice 4. Copy the table into your exercise
book.
Practice 3
No.
(5)
Sport
(6)
Reality Show
(7)
TV Drama
(8)
Documentary
(9)
Variety Show
Note
What Is a Report Text?
a. The purpose of a text:
To report something, just like the way it is. The
subject includes natural things, environment, social
matters, or human matters. Description of a general
classi􀃀 cation.
b. Text structure:
• General classification which includes
the report’s subject, information, and its
classi􀃀 cation.
• Description of the subject.
• Use of present tense
No. TV’s Channel
(1)
Time
(2)
Entertainment
News
(3)
Cartoon
(4)
Film
1. RCTI 09.30 a.m. Transformer
Animated
Let’s Dance and Sing 45
1. 04.45 Reportase Pagi
06.30 Jazirah
07.00 Insert Pagi
17.30 Cerita Pagi
08.00 Tom & Jerry
09.30 Dorce Show
10.30 Sketsa Liburan
11.00 Insert
11.45 Jelang Siang
12.30 Ceriwis
2. 07.00 Go Spot
07.30 08.00 Sinetron OB Seleb
09.30 Transformer Animated
10.30 Fokus Euro
11.00 Silet
12.30 Sergap
15.30 Idol: Hi Five
16.00 Emang Gue Pikirin
17.00 Sinetron: OB
18.00 Hamba-Hamba Allah
19.00 Cerita SMA
20.00 Munajah Cinta
3. 07.30–08.00 Inbox
09.00 Cinta Fitri
11.00 Halo Selebriti
11.30 Liputan 6 Siang
13.00 Ada Gosip
14.00 Sinema Siang
15.30 Pacar Pertama
17.30 Liputan Petang
18.00 Sue
18.30 Cinta Bunga
20.00 Azizah
20.30 Cinta 'Indah
Decide what TV programmes each number belongs
Practice 4 to.
4. 07.00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean
08.30 Halo Polisi
11.30 Patroli
12.00–12.30 Fokus. Siang.
13.00 Noda-Noda Cinta
14.00 Intan
15.30 Dragon Ball
17.00 Drama Asia
20.00 Kama dan Arjuna
22.00 Sinema Unggulan
22.30 Gaul Anak Muda
00.30 Lensa Peristiwa
5. 07.00 Dangdut Asyik
07.30–08.00 Layar Spesial
09.30–10.00 Sinetron
11.00 Sidik
12.00–12.30 Sinema Religi Terbaik
14.00 Musa􀃀 r dan 3 Sahabat
15.30 Kartun: Tom & Jerry
16.00–16.30 Kartun: Casper
20.00 Sinetron: Rahmat
20.30 Dewa Dewi Malam
00.00 Just for Laugh Gags
46 English in Focus for Grade IX
Musical Instruments
There are 􀃀 ve main groups of musical instruments. They are stringed
instruments, wind instruments, percussion instruments, keyboard
instruments, and electronic instruments.
Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more
string vibrate. The violin, cello, and guitar are stringed instruments.
Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube.
The player controls the sound by placing the 􀃀 ngers on holes in the
instrument or on keys that cover holes, or by pressing valves that make
the tube longer or shorter. The 􀃁 ute, trumpet and saxophone are wind
instruments.
Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes
tones. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. The piano, harp,
and pipe organ are keyboard instruments.
Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make
the sounds louder. Electric guitars, synthesizers, electronic pianos, and
electronic organs are electronic instruments.
Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia, 2007
Enrich Your Knowledge
Study carefully the following pictures. Then, match them
with their names.
1 2 3
4 5 6
Let’s Dance and Sing 47
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
The Names of the Instruments
a. conga e. harp
b. electric guitar f. triangle
c. castanets g. accordion
d. drum h. tambourine
Classify each instrument according to their groups based on
the information from the text.
7 8
Follow-up Activity
Make a report about something unique that happens
around you. Present the report in front of the class.
Compare your report to your friends’ reports. Which
report is the most unique?
Work in groups. Find a report text and complete
it with its characteristic, main idea, supporting
idea and concluding idea.
Practice 5
48 English in Focus for Grade IX
• Language Function
􀊇 Showing hesitation
- There's some doubt in my mind that/about ...
- I could say ...
􀊇 Responding to hesitation
- I'm a hundred percent certain ...
- You can be sure about ...
• Genre of text: Report
􀊇 Social function: To report something, just the way it is. The
subject includes natural things, environment, social matters, or
human matters. Description of a general classi􀃀 cation.
􀊇 Generic structure:
- General classi􀃀 cation which includes the report’s subject,
information, and its classi􀃀 cation.
- Description of the subject.
Chinese culture played a truly signi􀃀 cant role in the development
of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu, Buddhist
or Muslim in􀃁 uences.
• Grammar: Gerunds
Examples
- Working for that lady is a pleasure.
- He couldn’t help telling the truth.
L e a r n i n g E s s e n t i a l
After studying all subjects in this chapter, answer the
following questions.
1. What do you say to state hesitation?
2. What do you say to response hesitation?
3. Can you mention the steps for reporting
something?
If you find some difficulties while answering the
questions, you can learn the subjects once more or you
may consult your teacher.
L earning Review
49
Be Creative!
Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter
Listening
• Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text
• Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of
admiration
• Listening to short functional text in the form of poster
Speaking
• Showing attention and expressions of admiration
• Telling monologue in the form of procedural text
Reading
• Identifying characteristics of procedural text
Writing
• Composing a procedural text
• Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of
poster
Source: www.slbn3yogja.net
Chapter
3
50 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. Have you ever made something by yourself?
2. Have you ever followed a procedure to make
something?
3. What are the things you have made by following
some procedures ?
4. Have you ever been asked by your friend about the
way to do or to make something?
Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. Do you know
how to order a ticket by phone?
Anti : Of course I do. First, pick up the phone. Dial
the service number. Then, state your name and
address to the operator.
Sinyo : 1 . Then, 2 .
Anti : And then, state your destination to the
operator.
Sinyo : 3 .
Anti : Then, state if you are going to pay by credit card
or cheque. Finally, you hang up the phone.
Sinyo : 4 . Thanks for the explanation.
Before you listen to the tape, answer the following
questions Practice 1 􀃀 rst.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• listen to monologue in the form of procedural text;
• respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration;
• listen to short functional text in the form of poster.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text;
• understand the expressions of attention and admiration;
• get the meanings from a poster.
Listening
Practice 2 While listening to the tape, 􀃀 ll in the blanks with
the correct words/phrases.
Be Creative! 51
Dona : Hey, Gun. What are you doing?
Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Ah, now it
is 􀃀 nished.
Dona : Wow, ! How did you do that?
Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting
inwards from each corner halfway to the centre
point. Then, I folded over each point with a dot
on it and tape it to the centre.
Dona : . Then, !
Gun : After that, I pushed the drawing pin through
the centre and into the rubber on the end of the
pencil.
Dona : .
Gun : See. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and
watch it spin.
Dona : !
Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully.
Practice 5 Then, answer the following questions.
Listen to the tape carefully. Then, 􀃀 ll in the missing
Practice 3 expressions.
Source: www.recipezaar.com
1. What is Gun doing?
2. Does Dona surprise?
3. What does she say to express her admiration?
4. Can you mention two materials needed to make a
windmill like Gun’s?
Practice 4 Answer the following questions.
52 English in Focus for Grade IX
Answer the following questions orally.
1. What do you say to show that you are paying
attention to someone?
2. What do you say to show that you admire something?
3. Could you give examples for both expressions?
Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet
buns. Then, write down the expressions you have
heard in your exercise book. Discuss it with your
friends.
Practice 6
Practice 7
1. What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard?
2. Can you mention two materials you will need to
make them?
3. Can you mention one of the steps?
Speech Act
Expressions to show attention
• Oh, I see.
• Well ...
• Tell me more.
• Really?
• Has it? Does it?
Expressions to show admiration
• Wow, that’s marvellous!
• Terri􀃀 c!
• How can you do that?
• Oh, lovely!
• That’s really fantastic, Sir/Ma’am.
• If I may say, that’s really brilliant, Sir/Ma’am.
Formal
(to older people or
a stranger)
Informal (If you want to
say it to older people or a
stranger you can add could
you please tell me more, etc)
Informal
Source: www.rasamalaysia.com
Be Creative! 53
Riana has made some fruit kebabs. She wants Angga
to taste them.
“Hi, Angga. Care to taste this?”
“What is it? It looks so delicious.”
“Well, I call this fruit kebab.”
“Oh I see. How do you make them?”
“It’s easy. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine.”
“Great!” Of course I’ll taste it”
1. Riana has made a .
a. juice
b. snack
c. cookies
2. Angga’s expression to show his admiration is .
a. what’s that?
b. oh, I see.
c. it looks so delicious!
3. Angga’s expression to show his attention is .
a. oh, I see.
b. it looks so delicious.
c. great!
4. Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab?
a. No.
b. Yes, he does.
c. Not really.
Listen to the following monologue read by your
Practice 8 teacher.
Now listen to your teacher reading the following
Practice 10 monologue.
Practice 9 Now, choose a, b, or c for the right answer based
on the monologue.
Do you know how to make an Amazon hut?
With the help of three or four people, we can make an
Amazon hut. First of all, prepare palm leaves, woods,
saw, strong ropes.
Then, choose the place for the house. Next, cut
woods into large sticks to make frame for the house.
After that, tie the sticks together and make the frame
for the house. Put palm leaves on top for the roof.
Now the house is ready.
54 English in Focus for Grade IX
Listen to the complete poster from the tape. Then
complete the missing Practice 12 phrases.
Practice 11 Listen to some questions from the tape.
Practice 13 Answer the following questions.
1. What does the poster tell you about?
2. What is the meaning of costume party?
3. What is the meaning of the character or weapon
must be unique?
You’re Invited!
The Costume Party 2008
Choose Your Own Character
Wear the Out􀃀 t, and Go Out for Party!
Conditions:
1. character out􀃀 t must be original.
2. Your or weapon must be unique.
3. You must have a .
4. You must have a name.
For 4 details 5 us
Hana 09992434
Riko 09997326
Email 􀃀 gureparty@www.􀃀 gurethings.com
Source: CD Image
Be Creative! 55
Answer the following questions orally.
Answer the following questions based on the
dialogue in Practice 2.
1. Who brought sandwiches?
2. Does Nely take the sandwich?
3. Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy
them?
4. What do you call the italicised phrases in the
dialogue?
5. What are the ingredients for a sandwich?
1. Have you ever seen or read a procedure?
2. Where did you 􀃀 nd it?
3. Did you follow the procedure step by step?
Vita : I brought some sandwiches. Do you want some?
(She hands a sandwich to Nely)
Nely : Thank you. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very
delicious. Fantastic taste.
Vita : I made them by myself.
Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them.
Vita : OK. First, take two slices of bread. Put a slice of
butter on each slice. Then cut some cheese into
slices.
Nely : Uh.. uh.. and then?
Vita : After that, place the cheese slices on a piece of
bread. Finally, put the other piece of bread on
top.
Practice 1
Practice 2
Practice 3
Role Play
Act out the following dialogue.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• respond to the speech acts, such as showing attention and admiral
expression;
• respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression;
• do a monologue in the form of procedural text.
Speaking
56 English in Focus for Grade IX
Class Project
Your teacher will read the procedure of how to
make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and
follow her/him instructions.
Practice 4
Preparation of how to make Flick Book.
You will need:
• White paper
• Colours
• Pencil
• Stapler
1. Take a white paper and
draw a background
picture on it. Trace this
picture on atleast 12
papers of some size.
On each drawing leave
a margin down one
side.
2. Draw a ball high in the
sky on the 􀃀 rst page.
Draw it a bit lower
on the second page.
repeat it until the ball
falls on the ground.
3. assemble the papers
together and staple
them with the stapler
along with one side of
the margin.
4. Hold your 􀃁 ick book
by the margin and see
the ball going down
as you shuffle the
pages.
How to Make Flick Book
Be Creative! 57
Mita : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing?
Sarah : I’m making milk shake.
Mita : What are the ingredients to make it?
Sarah : You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, 􀃁 avouring, a
jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws.
Mita : Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it.
Sarah : First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a
jug and pour on the milk. Add the 􀃁 avouring
and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all.
Mita : Can I get some?
Sarah : Yes please.
Mita : Oh, It’s terri􀃀 c! Very delicious!
Practice 5 Read the following dialogue carefully.
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the
Practice 6 dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
UN Challenge
Choose the correct expression to 􀃀 ll in the blank.
Wulan : you can do the test well.
Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck.
a. I hope
b. I doubt
c. I'm curious
d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
58 English in Focus for Grade IX
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then,
match each picture with Practice 1 the instructions.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• identify the characteristics of procedural text.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• understand a procedural text.
Reading
Pronounce It!
1. milk shake : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/
2. ingredients : /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/
3. procedure : /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/
4. jug : /dʒʌɡ/
5. 􀃁 avour : /ˈfleɪvə[r]/
6. whisk : /wɪsk/
7. terri􀃀 c : /təˈrɪfɪk/
8. delicious : /dɪˈliʃəs/
Bene􀃀 cial Magnets
1. Fill the bowl with sand to
make a desert island.
You will need:
• A bowl
• Clean, dry sand
• A drinking straw
• Green paper
• Sticky tape
• Cardboard
• Iron or steel bolt
• A magnet
Be Creative! 59
Horizon
New
One of the 􀃀 rst magazines
in England was The
Gentleman’s Magazine,
published from 1731
to 1914. At 􀃀 rst, this
magazine collected true
stories or articles from
books. Later it published
new stories.
Taken from The World Book
Student Discovery Encyclopedia,
2005
Note
Characteristics of Procedural Text
• Use imperative sentences. Example: Cut the paper.
• Use action verbs, such as turn, cut, mix and put.
• Connector to show chronology, such as then and
while.
• Adverbials to show when or how. Example: For 􀃀 ve
minutes, two centimeters from the top.
3. To make a treasure
chest cut the cardboard
in a shape of box. Now
put an iron or steel
bolt in it.
4. Bury the treasure firmly
near the surface in the
sand.
5. Find the treasure from
the sand with the help of
magnet.
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
2. Now make a tree using a
drinking straw and paste
some green paper leaves
with sticky tape and plant
it on your island.
60 English in Focus for Grade IX
Answer the following questions based on the text
in Practice 1.
1. What is a drinking straw for?
2. Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard?
3. What is the clean, dry sand for?
4. Where should we put the cardboard?
Practice 3
Read the following text Practice 4 carefully.
Match each word in column A with its meaning in
Practice 2 column B. Use your dictionary if necessary.
No. A B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
a. piece of iron or steel that attracts
other metal object
b. outer form or outline; condition;
state
c. (mass of) 􀃀 ne grains of crushed
rock
d. (store of) very valuable object or
person
e. fairly hard; steady or stable
f. the outside or topside of any
object; outward appearance
g. thin tube through which liquid is
sucked up
h. like or covered with glue
treasure
straw
shape
􀃀 rm
magnet
sticky
sand
surface
Source: www.parkseed.com
Germinating Petunia Seeds
Be Creative! 61
Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice
4 and mention its features such as action verb,
imperative, connector and adverbial.
Practice 5
Another Form of a Procedural Text
Read the following text aloud
How to Prevent Back Pain
- Use the correct lifting and moving techniques.
- Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong
and 􀃁 exible.
- Don’t slouch; poor posture puts a strain on your lower back.
- Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back
muscles.
- Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life.
Imperatives
Meanwhile, the italicised words above are called imperatives.
Imperatives are verbs used to give orders, commands and instructions.
The term used is usually the same as the base form. It is one of the
three moods of an English verb. Imperatives should be used carefully
in English; to give 􀃀 rm orders or commands, but not as much when
trying to be polite or show respect to the other person.
Enrich Your Knowledge
You will need:
• a packet of petunia seeds
• a seed tray or small pots
• loamy friable soil or potting mix
• water
• fertiliser.
Steps
1. Fill seed tray with soil.
2. Incorporate fertiliser into soil.
3. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil.
4. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil. Press
􀃀 rmly.
5. Spray water to moisten the seed bed.
6. Place seed tray in warm, sunny position (at least
25 degree C).
7. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds
are germinating. Then seeds will germinate in
approximately 10 - 14 days.
Taken from: www.impc.edu.au
62 English in Focus for Grade IX
Read the following procedure Practice 1 carefully.
Make an Underwater Volcano
You will need :
- Small bottle - Paint brush
- Hot and cold water - String
- Scissors - Large glass jar
- Red food colouring
In this section, you will learn how to:
• compose a procedural text;
• make poster.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• write a procedural text;
• make and get meaning from poster.
Writing
1. We (not subscribe) Tempo for years.
2. Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly
magazine’s.
3. “Where you (be)? We were looking for you
everywhere. Look at this magazine, this is a picture
of your.
4. I (read) this newspaper for an hour.
5. “All my money (steal)!” he said.
Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect
Practice 6 tense.
The Present Perfect Tense
Pattern: Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb.
(has in the third person singular)
Examples:
I aveh lepst.
You aveh lepst.
He/she/it as hlepst.
We have slept.
You have slept.
They have slept.
Gramma r Stage
Be Creative! 63
3. Pour cold water
into the large
glass jar until it is
about threequarters
full.
4. Fill the bottle
with hot water.
Add food
colouring to turn
the water bright
red.
2. Tie the other end
of the piece of
string around the
neck of the bottle
to make a loop.
1. Cut a long piece
of string. Tie one
end 􀃀 rmly around
the neck of the
bottle.
64 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. Can you mention the purpose of the experiment?
2. What materials do we need to do the experiment?
3. How many procedures that we can 􀃀 nd? Please
explain.
4. What is the conclusion of the experiment?
5. How many imperatives are there? Mention it.
Do the Practice 2 following exercise.
6. The hot red water
rises from the
bottle like smoke
from an erupting
volcano.
Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments, 2006
5. Hold the bottle
by the loop of
string. Lower it
gently into the jar
of cold water.
Be Creative! 65
1. Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in
the oven for thirty minutes.
2. Chop up the tomatoes, onions and green peppers
into quarters.
3. Cut the meat into small cubes.
4. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer.
Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the
Practice 4 correct order by adding some connectives.
Rearrange the following pictures into the correct
Practice 5 order based on the instruction in Practice 4.
1 2
3 4
A procedural text has a format:
• Recipes usually have the information presented
in at least two basic groups: ingredients and
method.
• Games instructions usually include instructions
on how to play, rules of the game, method of
scoring and the number of players.
• Scienti􀃀 c experiments usually include the tools;
purpose of the experiment, equipment that you
need, procedure, observations and conclusion.
Practice 3 Read the following information carefully.
66 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. The form of the procedural text. (games, recipes,
scienti􀃀 c experiment or user guide/manual)
2. Materials/ingredients that you need.
3. Steps of your procedure. (Those include imperative
sentence, action verbs, connectors, adverbial phrases.)
In groups of three, make a procedural text. Then,
tell the class what you have created. Compare
with other groups. Some clues below will help
you.
Practice 7
Source: Hands on Science, Nature, 2008
Study the following pictures carefully. Then, try
to make some instructions. Use your Practice 6 dictionary.
Do you like doing an
experiment? For ideas,
help, materials and
subjects, you can click
www.all-science-fairprojects.
com or www.
scienceproject.com
Log On
5
3 4
1 2
Be Creative! 67
Study the following poster then answer the
Practice 8 questions.
Coming Soon!
Don’t Miss it!
Watch it in Cute Cinema
Get free tickets, popcorn and mineral water.
Premiere
Sunday, 2 March 2008
Scream Out Loud!!
Source: CD Image
1. What do you think the most suitable title for the
movie?
2. Is it a horror, comedy or drama movie?
3. Where will the movie be played?
4. What will you get from watching the movie?
5. When will the movie be played?
6. What is the meaning of scream out loud?
Follow-up Activity
Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster?
Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff
that you’re going to sell, advertise it with an attractive
poster. You don’t have to be too fancy. Just include it out
with bright colours and big photos of your stuff. You’ll
see that you can sellyour stuff easily.
68 English in Focus for Grade IX
• Language Function
􀊇 Expressions to show attention
- Oh, I see.
- Tell me more
􀊇 Expressions of admiration
- Wow, that's marvellous!
- Terri􀃀 c!
• Genre of text: Procedure
􀊇 Social function : To describe how something is acomplished
through a sequence of actions or steps.
􀊇 Generic structure:
- Goal
- Materials
- Steps
- The ramfe
- The ovecring
1. First of all, nail all the pieces together. Take great care with
the hammer.
2. Next, Place the box in the middle of the rear board, and draw
around it in pencil.
3. After that, add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting
box....
• Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense
Examples:
We have run for two kilometres.
She has written 􀃀 ve novels in a month.
L e a r n i n g E s s e n t i a l
After studying all subjects in this chapter, answer the
following questions.
1. What did you learn in this unit?
2. What will you say to say if you admire something?
3. What will you say to express your attention?
If you find some difficulties while answering the
questions, you can learn the subjects once more or you
may consult your teacher.
L earning Review
Practice 9 Make your own poster. The theme is free.
69
Listen to your teacher carefully. Then
􀃀 ll in the blanks by choosing a, b, c
or d.
You will need
1. a. a bright torch
b. a torch
c. bright
d. torch
2. a. scissor
b. scissors
c. razor
d. razors
3. a. sheet
b. a sheet
c. black paper
d. a sheet of black paper
4. a. pens
b. tip pens
c. felt-tip pen
d. felt-tip pens
For numbers 5 to 10, listen to some
expressions and choose your response.
Exercise of Chapters 1–3
5. a. I have no doubt about it.
b. I’m not really sure but, I’ll do my
best.
Text 1
Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1.
Bright Colours
Police of􀃀 cers wear bright colored
jackets when they are directing traffic.
This helps drivers to see them clearly,
especially when it is dark. Which colours
do you think are the best to wear for safety
at night?
More about Bright Colours
You will need:
• • white stickers
• • silver glitter
• non-toxic glue •
• sticky tack •
Adapted from How Does It Work, 2001
6. a. Give your best try.
b. I have no doubt about it. As long as
you keep studying.
7. a. Excuse me. But I can’t hear you.
b. Excuse me. Can you say it again? I
can’t hear you.
8. a. I think you should see a doctor
soon.
b. I’m really sorry to hear that.
9. a. Wow, you look cool!
b. Excuse me?
10. a. Hello. Wow!
b. Hello. Wow, you look awesome
with that jacket!
11. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit
your school next month?
Dion : De􀃀 nitely. Because my parents
asked me to go with them.
The italicised word shows .
a. certainty
b. uncertainty
c. agreement
d. giving interesting news
12. Donita : Hello, can I speak to
Lisa?
Lisa’s mother : Sorry, I can’t hear you.
The signal is low.
The italicised sentence shows .
a. certainty c. agreement
b. repetition d. hesitation
13. have a look!
a. Can I c. Let e m
b. May I d. Come n o
14. go as soon as they have 􀃀 nished.
a. Let s u c. Let he s
b. Let e m d. Let hemt
15. have a drink!
a. Come on c. Let she
b. Let s u d. Let e h
70 English in Focus for Grade IX
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Text 2
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the
correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries
in Indonesia?
a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient
epics and myths.
b Used to tell the stories of ancient
art.
c. Used to form a local art.
d. Used to tell the characters of
Indonesian people.
17. What are the famous tales of puppets in
Indonesia?
a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek.
b Wayang klitik and wayang orang.
c. Ramayana and Mahabrata.
d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas.
18. What is wayang kulit also called?
a. Wayang golek.
b. Shadow puppet.
c. Skin puppet.
d. Wooden puppet.
19. Who are enjoying to collect characters
of Indonesian puppets?
a. Some tourists.
b. Some rich people.
c. Some elders.
d. Some expatriats.
20. What can we found in traditional
puppet forms?
a. Nature, animals, people.
b. Nature, kingdom, people.
c. Animals, people, demons.
d. Demons, nature, animals.
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3
Puppets
Puppets have been used for centuries
in Indonesia to tell the stories of the
ancient epics, the Ramayana and the
Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths.
Modern stories also utilize this ancient art
form for contemporary audiences.
Puppets fall
into two major
classifications,
wayang kulitthe
leather or
shadow puppet
of Central Java,
and wa y ang
golek-wooden
puppets of West
Java. There are
several varieties
of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy
collecting the same character by various
artisans, or all the characters in a scene
or story, or just characters that strike
their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods,
demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes
and princesses and monkeys, all can be
found in traditional puppet forms. Less
commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a
􀃁 at wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Source: wayangsuket.􀃀 les.wordpress.com
kettledrums
Exercise of Chapters 1-3 71
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the
correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical
instruments is not a percussion?
a. Bell. c. Harmonica.
b. Gong. d. Cymbal.
22. What does percussion mean?
a. Pressing. c. Twanging.
b. Striking. d. Blowing.
23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually
, which makes a ringing sound
when struck with a hammer.
a. rectangular
b. 􀃁 at like a 􀃁 oor
c. round like a ball
d. round like a cup
24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell
made of metal, struck to give a .
a. signal c. warning
b. mark d. message
25. How are percussion instruments in
Eastern orchestras? They are .
a. numerous
b. not numerous
c. quite numerous
d. not very numerous
26. What kind of percussion instruments are
always played in Western symphony
orchestra?
a. Bongo drums.
b. Triangle.
c. Glockenspiel.
d. Kettledrums.
27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass?
a. Plates that are clashed.
b. Plates that are clashed or jangled.
c. Plates that is jangled.
d. Plates that are clashed or jangled
together.
28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or
loud tone. Why? Because it depends on
what tone the player .
a. plans c. needs
b. wishes d. decides
Percussion Instruments
Percussion means striking. All
percussion instruments make musical
sounds when struck by the hands, by the
􀃀 ngers, or by some suitable implement.
Bells and gongs, bars of wood or
metal, and even bowls and thin stones
make 􀃀 ne percussion instruments. The
orchestras of Eastern people sometimes
have a wonderful variety of these and other
kinds of percussion instruments, including
drums of every size and shape. But in
Western symphony orchestra percussion
instruments are not very numerous. The
bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are
.almost always present. They give a clear,
de􀃀 nite note and a sonorous tone that can
be as soft or as loud as the player wishes.
Other types of drums may also be used.
Cymbals are brass plates that are
clashed or jangled together. The triangle
is a metal rod left open at the corner. The
xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The
glockenspiel has metal bars that sound
ringing and enchanting. It is often played
by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the
kettledrums are regular percussion sections
of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
gong
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
72 English in Focus for Grade IX
29. Give a clear, de􀃀 nite note and sonorous
tone. Sonorous means giving a full,
rich, loud sound. What part of speech
is sonorous?
a. Adjective. c. Verb.
b. Adverb. d. Noun.
30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that
sound ringing and enchanting.
The Indonesian equivalent of the English
wordenchanting is . (Which option
is wrong?)
a. memesonakan
b. memikat
c. mengusik
d. menawan hati
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4
Electric Fan
Electronic motors can make things
move. A washing machine, for example,
has a powerful electric motor to move the
washing around.
Why not set up a circuit with an
electric motor that drives an electric fan
to keep you cool?
To make an electric fan, you will need:
• a small electric motor
• a battery
• 2 small blocks of wood
• 3 wires
• a thick block of wood
• a plastic propeller
• a large, metal paper clip
• 2 metal drawing pin
• glue
• sticky tape
1
1. Glue the thick block of wood to one
of the small blocks.
2
3
2. Glue the motor to the top of the thick
block. Push the propeller onto the
spindle of the motor.
3. Connect two wires to the motor.
Make a paperclip switch with the
other small block of wood.
4
Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the
correct answer.
31. What things do we need to do the
experiment?
a. Scissors, a battery, a lighter.
b. 3 wires, glue, sticky tape .
c. Belt, rice, glue.
d. Pillow, tape, tires.
32. What is the purpose of the experiment?
a. To make an electric fan.
b. To make a battery.
c. To make an electric fan.
d. To compose a letter.
33. What should you do after you have
glued the thick block of wood to one of
the small blocks?
a. Glue the motor to the top of the
thick block.
b. Push the propeller onto the spindle
of the motor.
c. Turn the paperclip so it touches the
drawing pin.
d. Eat some food.
34. Which one is glued to one of the small
blocks?
a. Sticky tape. c. Two stones.
b. 3 wires. d. The thick block .
35. What do you have to do to get the motor
glued to the top of the thick block?
a. Cut it. c. Push it.
b. Connect it. d. Glue it.
36. What should you do before making a
paperclip switch with the other small
block of wood?
a. Push the propeller onto the spindle
of the motor.
b. Glue the motor to the top of the
thick block.
c. Connect two wires to the motor.
d. Let it 􀃁 ow.
37. How many wires are needed for the
experiment?
a. 10 wires c. 111 wires
b. 3 wires d. 212 wires
38. After making a paperclip switch with
the other small block of wood, what
must you do?
a. Connect one wire from the motor
to the battery and the other to the
switch.
b. Glue the motor to the top of the
thick block.
c. Connect two wires to the motor.
d. Go to the bathroom.
39. What must you do with the wires?
a. Tape it with the motor.
b. Cut it into pieces.
c. Glue it to the scissors.
d. Connect it to the motor.
40. Which wire is connected to the battery?
a. Wire from the block of wood.
b. Wire from your friend.
c. Wire from the motor.
d. Wire from the paperclip.
4. Connect one wire from the motor to
the battery and the other to the switch.
Connect the battery and switch. To
start a fan, turn the paperclip so it
touches the drawing pin.
Taken from How Does It Work?, 2001
74 English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, do the following instructions.
1. Write the steps of how to make a
procedural text.
2. Compose a dialogue containing the
expressions of showing certainty and
hesitation.
3. Compose a dialogue using expressions
of asking repetition and showing
attention.
4. Compose a dialogue containing an
expression of admiration.
Change the sentences below into the
present perfect tense.
5. They (not work) together again since they
quarrelled.
6. He (lose) his books.
7. You ever (see) a possum?
Answer the following questions.
8. What is a report text?
9. Can you mention the character of a
report text?
Do the following instruction.
10. Make a paragraph that tells a report
text.
It’s a Great Story
Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter
Listening
• Listening to someone giving interesting news or information
• Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form
• Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary
Speaking
• Telling interesting news or information
• Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form
Reading
• Reading texts in narrative form
• Identifying the structure of narrative text
Writing
• Writing narrative texts
• Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story
75
Source:www.german.leeds.ac.uk
Chapter
4
76 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang
Merah and Bawang Putih?
2. What other stories do you know?
3. What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends
brie􀃁 y.
Stories around us
• Si Pungguk
• The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu
• The Legend of Lake Toba
• The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur
• The Legend of Separapat Island
Guess what! I've
read Stories from
around the World. Hahahah, there are
many funny stories
inside, aren’t there? It’s
de􀃀 nitely a good story
book.
Answer the Practice 1 following questions.
Study the following short dialogue carefully
and pay attention to the expression for giving
interesting news and its response.
Practice 2
In this section, you will learn how to:
• listen to someone giving interesting news or information;
• listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information;
• get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
Listening
It’s a Great Story 77
Role play
Now, with your partner, act out the complete
dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
Practice 4
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, 􀃀 ll in the
Practice 3 missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
Speech Act
Expressions to tell interesting news
• Guess what!
• Surprise!
• Funnily enough…
• Normally, ...
• Believe it or not, ...
1
! I’ve already read
the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more
about it, then.
2
I when I read the
story of a Lovely, Lovely
Mud.
Oh, really? I thought
that was a sad story.
78 English in Focus for Grade IX
Pronounce the following words taken from the
text after your Practice 7 teacher.
Loki : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing?
Tari : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from
West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second
time I’m reading it.
Loki : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more.
Tari : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk
was a poor good-looking young man. He fell
in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although
they were in love with each other, Purnama
Bulan already had a 􀃀 ance. One day, Purnama
Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk
walked, Purnama Bulan’s 􀃀 ance noticed the
veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his
sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from
Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms,
it changed into living creatures, birds. Those
birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit
on the highest branch of a tree looking at a
full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk!
Pungguk!”.
Loki : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately,
it ended sadly.
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner
using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it
out.
Practice 5
Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully.
Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the
correct order.
Practice 6
1. princess : /prɪnˈses/
2. although : /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/
3. 􀃀 ance : /fɪˈɒnseɪ/
4. veil : /veɪl/
5. sword : /sɔ:d/
7. creature : /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/
8. highest : /haɪɪst/
9. branch : /bra:ntʃ/
Pronounce It!
It’s a Great Story 79
1. Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain
them.
2. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend,
a fable or a fairy tale?
3. Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
Practice 8 Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While
listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer
based on the story.
Practice 9
80 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. The dog was very after he stole a big piece of
meat.
a. displeased
b. pleased
c. regret
2. What did the dog do in the bank of the river?
a. The dog looked down into the river water.
b. The dog ran off.
c. The dog saw another dog.
3. What was the other dog in the river?
a. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth.
b. A re􀃁 ection of another dog with a piece of meat
in its mouth.
c. Re􀃁 ection of himself.
4. Did the dog realise it?
a. No, he didn’t.
b. Yes, he did.
c. Yes, he did, but he ignored it.
5. What is meant by "when he was full"?
a. Full with hunger.
b. Full with meat in his stomach.
c. Full of greed.
6. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"?
a. The dog got nothing.
b. The dog stayed hungry.
c. The dog left the river.
Read the following explanation Practice 10 carefully.
• About Retelling Story
Have you ever retold a story you have heard
to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an
interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing
part of the story you have heard or retold?
Actually, you can also make your own interesting
story by how you retell it to someone else. Check this
out.
Stepping stone to retell the story
• Read carefully all parts of the story.
• Give some highlights to every important
sequence in the story.
It’s a Great Story 81
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. Then
correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes
in the following story.
Practice 11
Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky
A long time ago, the Sun and the Moon are a married
couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of
the Sea. One day, they invite the Sea to visit them.
So the Sea go along, with the 􀃀 sh and all the
members of his family. Surprisingly, the water begin
to rise, so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up
to the roof because they do not want to be drowned,
then they climbed up into the sky, where they have
remain ever since.
Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful
words/phrases (e.g. telling interesting news:
surprisingly, luckily enough, funnily enough, etc.).
• Give some stressed intonations to the parts of
story.
Examples : – Can you guess what happened
next? (Say it in a mysterious and
deep voice.)
– And the lion jumped to catch
the deer. (Say it 􀃀 rst with low
intonation then high, especially in
the word “jumped”.)
• Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience.
Check their facial expressions, do they seem to
understand? Are they bored or excited with
your story?
82 English in Focus for Grade IX
Example:
1. They invited the Sea.
a. neglected for b. asked for
Answer b.
2. A married couple who lived.
a. stayed b. conquered
3. And were great friends of the Sea.
a. big/huge friends b. nice/close friends
4. Surprisingly, the water began to rise.
a. seemed b. started
5. Where they have remained ever since.
a. continued b. stayed
Now, choose the synonym from the italics taken
from the text in Practice Practice 12 actice 11.
Practice 13 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary.
Now, complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again
Practice 14 to the tape.
Dear diary,
Last Sunday, Santi and I 1 going to the town
library together. We went 2 . In addition, the
weather was fi ne.
Near the park, some one was 3 us. We heard
some noises behind the bush. We were very afraid that we 4
we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak.
But then, a dirty, poor boy came out from the bush. He
6 for a money to buy some food. Gosh, he was just a
7 kid. So, we gave him some money. He said thanks
and went away. That was a very 8 experience.
It’s a Great Story 83
Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the
following words. Pay attention to the sound of
vowels /ɒ/, /ɔ:/, /ʊ/. Then, classify each of the words
you have heard in your exercise book.
You pronounce /ɒ/: o, /ɔ:/: o (long), /ʊ/: u
Words
to
look
for
on
/ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/
Practice 15
1. What will you say to give an interesting news or
information?
2. How do you respond to someone who gives you
interesting news or information?
Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally.
Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• give interesting news or information;
• express monologue in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• use the expressions for giving interesting news or information;
• do monologue discourse in the narrative form.
Speaking
Speech Act
Responding to interesting news or information
• You know what? This story is really interesting.
• Excellent!
• How great!
• Wow, I can’t believe it.
• This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read, Sir/
Ma’am.
• I believed that news is really interest you much,
Sir?Ma’am.
Formal
(to older people or
a stranger)
Informal
84 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. Now, you can watch TV from your cellular phone.
2. Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh,
it’s so exciting.
3. Surya got 􀃀 rst place in the World Environment
Speech Competition.
4. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all
you can eat for Rp10.000,00 promotion.
5. There will be a library near our home. So, we don’t
have to go down town anymore.
Lena : that our school will have a study tour
to Bandung next month?
Raka : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities.
Yeah, I’ll do shopping then. that the
factory outlets are cool.
Lena : but, not only the factory outlets are
cool you know! The food is also outstanding.
Reka : I can’t wait!
1. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the
Nobel prize for literature.
2. Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida, causing widespread
damage.
3. Last week, an 18-year old student won the world’ chess
tournament.
4. A cruise ship sank near Sumatra.
5. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art
Gallery.
6. A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police.
Respond to the following statements orallyPractice 3 .
Complete the missing words with the expressions
of giving and responding to interesting news or
information. Then practise with your partner.
Practice 4
Tell your friends about the interesting news or
Practice 5 information based on the following topics.
Make your own dialogue using the expressions of
giving interesting news or information with their
responses.
Practice 6
It’s a Great Story 85
Collin Thinks Big
Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day, 2002
Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling
along the garden wall one sunny morning.
“Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he
gazed around.
“It’s huge, it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia, who
thought a lot about such things inside her mind.
“It makes me feel so very small,” Collin said.
“But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia
wisely.
So the two of them spent the rest of that morning
collecting the tiniest things they could 􀃀 nd.
Collin collected a crumb, a pea, a shell and a
petal. Soon he had found a feather, a peanut, a button
and a berry.
Sylvia brought back a drawing pin, a paper clip,
a pen nib, a pin and a needle.
“Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said
Sylvia.
“Funnily enough, how small these things are,”
chuckled Collin, “and look how big I am!”
Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way
to End Your Day, 2002
Read the story aloud. Pay attention to your
Practice 8 pronunciation and intonation.
1. Do you like listening to a story?
2. What kind of story do you like?
3. What do you like most when you tell the story to the
people around you?
Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally.
86 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning?
2. What did Collin say?
3. What did Sylvia agree to?
4. How did they spend the rest of that morning?
5. What did Collin collect?
6. What did Sylvia bring?
7. And what did they say at last?
No. A B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
crawling
remark
gaze
enormous
wise
crumb
pea
shell
petal
pen nib
needle
a. coloured leaf, like division of a
􀃁 ower
b. small pointed piece of steel,
used in sewing
c. metal point of a pen
d. very small pieces of dry food
(eg. bread)
e. move slowly along the ground
or on the hands and knees
f. having good judgement
g. round green vegetable
h. say or write something
especially as a comment
i. hard outer, covering of eggs,
nuts, and some animals
j. look long and steadily
k. very large, greatly
Answer the following questions based on the story
Practice 9 in Practice 8.
Match the words in column A with their meanings
Practice 10 in column B.
Now, try to make sentences from the words in
Practice 10 (choose three words only from column
A). Then compare your sentences with your friend’s
and say them aloud.
Practice 11
Role play
With your friend, retell the story in Practice 8 in
your own words. Some questions will help you.
Practice 12
It’s a Great Story 87
1. Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny
morning?
2. What did Collin and Sylvia talk about?
3. What did they do then?
4. Could you mention some things that were collected by
Collin?
5. What about Sylvia?
1. Do you know a story from your city/town?
2. Could you mention other stories from Indonesia?
3. What is your favorite one?
4. Could you give a short explanation about them?
With your friend, develop your own story and
Practice 13 share it to the class.
Practice 1 Answer the following questions.
UN Challenge
Choose the correct expression to 􀃀 ll in the blank.
Dona : Look!
Mother : Yes, that’s right. Father told me that it was also
comfortable.
Dona : Will it take us to Bali?
Mother : I think so.
a. How nice it is!
b. What a big plane it is!
c. How expensive it is!
d. What a horrible plane!
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
In this section, you will learn how to:
• read narrative text with correct punctuation, pronunciation and pause;
• identify the structure of narrative text.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• read narrative text correctly;
• identify the structure of narrative text.
Reading
88 English in Focus for Grade IX
No. A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Si Pahit Lidah
Kembalinya Kebebasan
Raja Parakeet
Asal Usul Danau Toba
Bubur yang Aneh
Sang Katak
Anjing yang Hebat
Batu Badaon
Timun Mas
a. The Strange Porridge
b. The Frog
c. The Bitter Tongue
d. The Wonderful Dog
e. How the Parakeet
King Regained His
Freedom
f. How Lake Toba Came
into Existence
g. Gold Cucumber
h. Leafy Stone
B
Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the
text below. Pay attention to the pronunciation,
punctuation and pauses.
Practice 3
Before you read the text, match each Indonesian
story title in column A with its English translation
in column B.
Practice 2
The Legend of Mount Wayang
Long, long ago, when the gods and goddesses
used to mingle in the affairs of mortals, there was
a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in
West Java. The King, named Sang Prabu, was a wise
man. He had an only daughter, called Princess Teja
Nirmala, who was famous for her beauty but she was
not married. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind
to settle the matter by a show of strength.
Horizon
New
A.A. Milne (1882 - 1956)
was an English author.
Winnie the Pooh is one
of the most beloved
characters from A.A.
Milne’s Childen’s
Stories. These stories
were based on Milne’s
son, Christopher Robin,
and his stuffed animals.
Milne also wrote two
books of children’s
poems, as well as novels,
plays, and short stories
for grown-ups.
Taken from The World Book
Student Discovery Encyclopedia,
2006
It’s a Great Story 89
No. A B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
mingle
mortals
affairs
settle
matter
fairy
unconscious
wicked
enchanted
dawn
a. mix
b. subject, important things
c. must die, human being
d. make permanent/
make something
permanently
e. not conscious
f. disappear suddenly
g. morally bad
h. matters of interest
i. placed under a magic spell
j. imaginary creature with
magical powers
k. 􀃀 rst light of day
In pairs, match each word in column A with its
Practice 4 meaning in column B.
After that, Prince of Blambangan, named Raden
Begawan had won the competition. Unfortunately,
the wicked fairy, Princess Segara fell in love with
Raden Begawan and used magic power to render
him unconscious and he forgot his wedding. When
Sang Prabu was searching, Raden Begawan saw him
and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the
wicked fairy. The fairy could not accept this, so she
killed Raden Begawan. When Princess Teja Nirmala
heard this, she was very sad. So a nice fairy took her
to the Kahyangan.
The story goes that on certain moonlight nights,
one can hear the sound of music in the air above from
the top of the mountain. It indicates that Sang Prabu
and his daughter have not met each other till dawn
when it is time for them to part and to meet again on
another moonlight night.
Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia, 1999
90 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. The beautiful princess from a small kingdom.
2. Her father’s name.
3. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her
husband.
4. The prince of Blambangan.
5. The wicked fairy.
6. The death of Raden Begawan.
7. The princess went to Kahyangan.
8. The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter.
Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King, Sang
Prabu.
Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you
the Practice 5 following information.
Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can.
Mention what they refer to and their paragraph
number.
Practice 6
Note
Characteristics of a Narrative Text
Orientation
It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of
the story are introduced.
Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle
where elephants helped the men with their work.
Complication
Where the problems in the story developed.
Example : Now, Mantu had an elephant of his very own. His
name was Opie.
Resolution
Where the problems in the story is solved.
Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went
home to the village.
Follow-up Activity
Find an interesting story from a story book, magazine,
newspaper or the internet. The story may be funny, sad
or horror. Then tell it to your class. Compare your story
with your friends’ stories.
It’s a Great Story 91
Read the text carefully. Pay attention to the
Practice 7 punctuation, pronunciation and pause.
The Legend of Lake Batur
A long time ago,
there lived on the
island of Bali a giantlike
creature named
Kbo Iwo. The people
of Bali used to say
that Kbo Iwo was
everything, a destroyer
as well as a creator. He
was satis􀃀 ed with the
meal, but this meant
for the Balinese people
enough food for a
thousand men.
Dif􀃀 culties arose
when for the 􀃀 rst time
the barns were almost empty and the new harvest
was still a long way off.This made Kbo Iwo wild with
great anger. In his hunger, he destroyed all the houses
and even all the temples. It made the Balinese turn to
rage. So, they came together to plan steps to oppose this
powerful giant by using his stupidity.
They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep
well, and rebuild all the houses and temples he had
destroyed. After they fed Kbo Iwo, he began to dig
a deep hole. One day he had eaten too much, he fell
asleep in the hole. The oldest man in the village gave
a sign, and the villagers began to throw the limestone
they had collected before into the hole. The limestone
made the water inside the hole boiling. Kbo Iwo was
buried alive. Then the water in the well rose higher
and higher until at last it over􀃁 owed and formed
Lake Batur. The mound of earth dug from the well by
Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur.
Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia, 1999
92 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. What was Kbo Iwo?
2. What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator?
3. What made him satis􀃀 ed?
4. What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger?
5. Why did the Balinese turn to rage?
6. How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant?
7. What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do?
8. How could he fall asleep in the hole?
9. Where did the Balinese throw the limestone?
10. What happened then?
Answer the following questions by looking through
Practice 8 the text.
Example:
1. creature : makhluk (noun)
2. destroyer : penghancur (noun)
3. devour
4. barns
5. harvest
6. rage
7. oppose
8. stupidity
9. well
10. heap
Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the
following words and what parts of speech they
belong to.
Practice 9
1. he (paragraph 1, line 6)
2. it (paragraph 2, line 5)
3. they (paragraph 2, line 6)
4. this (paragraph 2, line 6)
5. them (paragraph 3, line 1)
6. he (paragraph 3, line 4)
7. it (paragraph 3, line 9)
Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to.
It’s a Great Story 93
1. Have you ever written an imaginary story?
2. Do you like writing stories?
3. What kinds of stories do you like best?
4. Have you ever shared your story to your friend or
magazines via e-mail?
Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• write a narrative text;
• write a diary in the form of imaginary story.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• write a narrative text correctly;
• write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly.
Writing
The Past Perfect Tense
Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb)
I
You
He
She
It
We
They
had grown
The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past.
Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with
the past tense.
Examples:
• The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of
Blambangan.
• Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the
air.
Gramma r Stage
94 English in Focus for Grade IX
Cinderella
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella.
She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. They treated
her badly. She had to do all the house work.
One day an invitation to the ball came to the family.
But, her stepsisters would not let her go. Cinderella was
sad. The stepsisters went to the ball without her.
Fortunately, the fairy godmother came and helped
her to get to the ball. At the ball, Cinderella danced
with the prince. The prince fell in love with her and
then married her. They lived happily ever after.
(who, where,
action verbs)
(linking words,
speci􀃀 c
characters)
(end of
the story’s
con􀃁 ict)
The structure of the text
is indicated by:
What Is a Narrative Text?
a. Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true
experience or an imaginary one. The characteristic
of the text is marked by con􀃁 ict and resolution.
b. Text structure is indicated by:
• who, where, action verbs
• linking words, speci􀃀 c characters
• end of the story’s con􀃁 ict
• coda : changes that occurred and the moral of
the story
Read the following information Practice 2 carefully.
It’s a Great Story 95
Note
What lessons do you get from the story?
A patient and kind-hearted person will always find
happiness.
What Hideous Creatures
One sunny day, a very forgetful professor got
down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects
through his magnifying glass.
Now when the professor left for home, he forgot
all about his magnifying glass, so straight away all the
insects gathered round.
“This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped
for joy.
“When the birds 􀃁 y down to gobble us up, we’ll
give them a fright for a change!”... and so they did.
The birds had never seen such hideous creatures.
They took off squawking with fright and never 􀃁 ew
down again.
Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect
Way to End Your Day, 2002
Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day, 2002
Practice 3 Read the following story carefully.
Log On
Do you like to chat? Or
maybe have a private
community? If the
answer is Yes, then
you should create a
blog. A blog provides
you a free space to
create a community.
Furthermore, you can sell
and advertise anything
on your blog. To help
you create a blog, just
click on www.multiply.
com
96 English in Focus for Grade IX
Dear diary,
Last night I met a monster. A 1 monster. I was
2 in a 3 place, middle of nowhere. It 4
like an island. Then, oh my God...I saw 5 reptiles, they
were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly.
They had heads a bit like young cows, their teeth 7 out
in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly. In their
8 steps, they were approaching me...oh no! Oh God!
Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die
young. Suddenly, my body was 10 hard. Ouucchh...they
were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand
touched my head. It was my mom, she was calming me down.
She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud. Thank God it was
only a horrible dream.
D LOL
Dany
Complete the following blank spaces using the
words in Practice 6 the box.
Can you try identifying the structure of the text?
Mention the linking words, speci􀃀 c characters, the
end of the story’s con􀃁 ict and the moral values.
Practice 4
Practice 5 Read the following explanation carefully.
Noun Phrase
The noun phrase typically functions as subject, object,
complement of sentences, and as a complement in
prepositional phrases.
Example: crafty mouse
(a) The mouse
(b) The crafty mouse
(c) The crafty mouse in the corner
(d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry
• Now, 􀃀 nd noun phrases in the text and change
them like the example given.
is smart.
It’s a Great Story 97
shaking looked horrible slow
thought damped gentle amphibians
stuck strange some
agitated familiar smart
day
fast
frown missed harsh
1. meet 4. slow 7. foolish
2. night 5. strange 8. calm
3. smile 6. gentle
1. met 5. were 9. looked
2. was 6. had 10. touched
3. damped 7. made 11. said
4. saw 8. thought
Now, with your friend, identify the structure of
Practice 7 the text.
Find the antonyms of the following words taken
from the text. The words in the box may help
you.
Practice 8
Find the in􀃀 nitive (V1) of the following words
taken from the text. Consult your dictionary if
necessary.
Practice 9
98 English in Focus for Grade IX
After studying all subjects in this chapter, answer the
following questions.
1. What did you learn in this unit?
2. What will you say to tell interesting news to your
friend?
3. What will you say when your friend gives you
interesting news?
If you find some difficulties while answering the
questions, you can learn the subjects once more or you
may consult your teacher.
L earning Review
• Language Function
􀊇 Giving interesting news or information
- You know what! This story is really interesting.
- It's a great legend.
􀊇 Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing)
- I am certain/not certain.
- De􀃀 nitely!
• Genre of text: Narrative
􀊇 Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true
experience or an imaginary one. This characteristic of the text
is marked by con􀃁 ict and resolution one.
􀊇 Generic structure:
- who, where, action verbs
- linking words, speci􀃀 c characters
- end of the story’s con􀃁 ict
- coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story
Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. She lived
with her stepsisters and stepmother. They treated her badly. She
had to do all the house work....
• Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense
Examples
They had studied for six hours.
Amrizal had sleept for ten hours.
L e a r n i n g E s s e n t i a l
Send Me a Letter, Please
Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter
Listening
• Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner
• Listening to monologue in the form of a report text
Speaking
• Using polite expressions to show manner
• Performing a monologue in the form of a report text
• Promoting something through an advertisement.
Reading
• Reading report text
• Identifying another form of a report text
Writing
• Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic
• Writing and sending a letter
99
Source: www.frightenstein.com
Chapter
5
100 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. How often do you send letters?
2. Do you prefer to send news by letter, SMS, or e-mail?
Give your reason.
3. To whom do you usually send a letter?
4. For what purposes will you send a letter?
5. Have you ever sent a letter to another country?
Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do?
Herman : My father is a 1 . He is employed by
the post of􀃀 ce to 2 and collect those
posted in pillar boxes.
Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. He works for
the Ministry of Education. In fact, I want to
know about some 3 . Would you tell
me more about it?
Herman : Yeah, sure. What do you want to know?
Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO
BOX?
Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of􀃀 ce Box. Its
4 located inside the post of􀃀 ce.
They are used by people who 􀃀 nd them
more convenient or more private than the
regular service.
Before listening to the tape, answer the following
Practice 1 questions.
While listening to the tape, 􀃀 ll in the blank spaces.
Practice 2 The words in the box may help you.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• listen to polite expressions;
• listen to monologue in the form of a report text.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• how to show polite expressions;
• get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text.
Listening
Send Me a Letter, Please 101
Nino : Hello, Mr Randi. How are you?
Mr Randi : Hello, Nino. 1 .
Nino : So, anyway how’s your trip to Singapore?
2 ?
Mr Randi : Well, 3 .
Nino : Oh, really? Why was that?
Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport.
I looked very different because of the
surgery on my chin two months ago and
my haircut. They almost brought me to the
immigration of􀃀 ce.
Nino : 4 . What happened next?
Mr Randi : Then, I called 5 and they helped
me.
Nino : I see.
Wu Fei : And 5 ?
Herman : It offers 6 for valuable mail for an
additional fee. The post of􀃀 ce insures such
mail and keeps a careful record of it. The
addressee must sign a receipt for it.
Wu Fei : All right, Herman. Thank you very much for
the information.
Listen to the tape carefully and complete it.
Practice 3 Discuss the dialogue with your friend.
Role play
Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your
partner. Pay attention to your expressions.
Practice 4
postal matters deliver letters
registered mail extra safety box postman
locked mailboxes
102 English in Focus for Grade IX
feed
league
food
card
sword
feet
leak
boot
cart
sort
􀃀 t
lick
foot
cut
soot
1. Post of􀃀 ce clerk : , Ma’am?
Mrs Dina : I need envelopes, 􀃀 ve
and a , please.
2. Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta,
please.
Post of􀃀 ce clerk : Absolutely, Sir. It’s .
3. Mrs Yuna : How much does ?
Post of􀃀 ce clerk : It , Ma’am.
Listen to your teacher read the following words.
Identify the different of Practice 5 the sounds.
Listen to the tape carefully. Then, 􀃀 ll in the blanks
Practice 6 with some suitable information you have heard.
UN Challenge
Choose the correct expression to 􀃀 ll in the blank.
Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me, please?
Santo : I can't. I'm in a hurry.
Santi : It is OK then. I will buy it myself.
a. Of course
b. I'm sure
c. I don't know
d. I'm really sorry
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Send Me a Letter, Please 103
Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a
day, six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered
by 1 drivers.
In the US, a 2 carrier sometimes must walk
3 his route. In Spain or Indonesia, the 4
often travels by 5 or motorcycle.
6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered
or returned to its 7 . This may happen if it is
addressed 8 and does not have a return
address. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter
of􀃀 ce. The mail is opened to try to 9 the
sender or addressee. If this is unsuccessful, the mail is
10 and any valuables are sold.
Adapted from The Book of Knowledge, 2007
4. Post of􀃀 ce clerk : , Sir?
Mr Erwin : Yes, please. Do you know
for to Singapore
?
5. Kiko : Which one ? Sending
news by or by ?
Ela : I prefer .
1. Do you like collecting stamps?
2. What do you like most about stamps?
3. What is the name for someone that collects stamp?
Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally.
Listen to the tape. Then, 􀃀 ll in the blanks with
Practice 8 the missing words.
Find any dif􀃀 cult words from the text. Consult
Practice 9 your dictionary for the meanings.
104 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. What do the ads tell you about?
a. Drawing stamps.
b. Collecting stamps.
c. Buying stamps.
2. What radio station announces the ads?
a. Trijaya FM.
b. Ramajaya FM.
c. Darajaya FM.
3. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost?
a. Rp140,000
b. Rp155,000
c. Rp150,000
4. How many series of the stamp collection are in the
ads?
a. Two.
b. One.
c. Four.
5. What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads?
a. Sylvester and Tweety.
b. Donald and Daisy Duck.
c. Tom and Jerry.
6. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon
series?
a. Rp150,000
b. Rp140,000
c. Rp155,000
7. When are the ads announced?
a. Around 7-8 a.m.
b. Around 2-4 p.m.
c. Around 7-8 p.m.
Listen to the radio advertisement read by your
teacher. Then answer the following questions by
choosing a, b or c for the right answer.
Practice 11
1. How is mail usually delivered?
2. How is mail delivered in Mauritania?
3. How is mail delivered in the USA?
4. How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia?
5. What is rejected mail?
Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice
8 in your own words. These questions will help
you.
Practice 10
Send Me a Letter, Please 105
Source: www.rhhotels.com.my
Look at the picture and answer the following
Practice 1 questions.
1. Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it?
2. Could you mention some hotel names that you
know?
3. Could you mention some facilities that we can
usually 􀃀 nd in four/􀃀 ve-star hotels?
4. Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why?
5. Could you mention 􀃀 ve names of hotels in your
city/town?
In this section, you will learn how to:
• speak politely;
• express monologue in the form of report texts;
• promote something through an advertisement.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• speak politely in your daily life;
• perform monologue in the form of report texts;
• promote something through an advertisement.
Speaking
106 English in Focus for Grade IX
Receptionist : Good evening, Sir. May I help you?
Guest : Yes, please. My name’s Anderson. I
reserved two rooms for my wife and
family.
Receptionist : Ah yes, Mr Anderson. Shall I complete
the registration form for you?
Guest : Oh, thank you. The name’s Anderson.
A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N.
Receptionist : And what is your 􀃀 rst name, Sir?
Guest : Morgan. M-O-R-G-A-N.
Receptionist : And your private address, Sir?
Guest : 20 Flamboyant Street, Daventry, England.
Receptionist : I’m sorry, Sir. Could you please spell that
address for me again?
Guest : 20 Flamboyant. F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T
Street. Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y, Daventry
England.
Receptionist : Could you please tell me your passport
number, Sir?
Guest : Sure. One moment . Ah, it’s 6 oh 5, 5-7-1-T.
Receptionist : And 􀃀 nally, Sir. How do you intend to
pay?
Guest : By credit card. American Express.
Receptionist : That’ll be 􀃀 ne, Sir. Now, we’re putting
you in room 265 and 266. You’ve arrived
today, the 6th March. How long are you
going to stay with us, Sir?
Guest : Five days.
Receptionist : All right, Sir. I’ll get the porter to show
you the room now. I hope you and your
family enjoy staying with us.
Guest : Thank you very much.
Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation.
Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully.
Then, practise it with your friend.
Practice 2
Speech Act
Polite expressions
• May I help you .... • All right, Sir/Ma’am.
• Would you mind .... • Could you please ....
• Shall I .... • That will be 􀃀 ne ....
• Would you please .... • Thank you very much for ....
Send Me a Letter, Please 107
1. Where does the dialogue take place?
a. A restaurant.
b. A hotel.
c. A afec.
d. A bungalow.
2. What is the name of the guest?
a. Andrew.
b. Daventry.
c. Morgan ndAerson.
d. Anderson Morgan.
3. How many rooms did he reserve?
a. Two. .
b. One.
c. Three
d. Four.
4. What should he do after making the reservation?
a. Pay the hotel.
b. Make sure that his rooms are ready.
c. Fill in hotel cheques.
d. Fill in the registration form.
5. Where does he come from?
a. Bournemouth.
b. Spain.
c. England.
d. Europe.
6. What is he?
a. A manager.
b. A purchasing manager.
c. In PT Heat Exchangers International.
d. In England.
7. What is the number of his passport?
a. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T.
b. 5-5-7-9-1-T.
c. 5-7-9-7-T.
d. 5-7--1-T.
8. How does he intend to pay?
a. Cash.
b. By American Express.
c. By credit.
d. By debit card.
Choose the correct answer either a, b, c, or d
Practice 3 based on the dialogue in Practice 2.
108 English in Focus for Grade IX
Employee : Hello, the 1 , 2 I help you?
Caller : Yes, please. What time do you open this
3 ?
Employee : At 7 a.m. Madam, and we close at twelve
4 .
Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for
two, 6 .
Employee : For what time, Madam?
Caller : Around eight.
Employee : May I have your 7 please, Madam?
Caller : Mrs O’Connel.
Employee : A 8 for two this evening at
9 for Mrs O’Connel.
Caller : 10 .
Employee : Thank you, Madam.
Caller : You’re welcome. Bye.
9. What room is he going to stay in?
a. Room 165.
b. Room 166.
c. Room 265.
d. Room 266.
10. When is he going to leave the hotel?
a. 10th arMch.
b. 11th March.
c. 12th March.
d. 13th March.
Role play
Now, with your partner practise the dialogue in
Practice 2. Pay attention to the expressions in
the dialogue.
Practice 4
Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using
polite expressions. Then, practise it in front of
the class.
Practice 5
Complete the following dialogue with the words
or phrases in the box provided. Then, answer the
questions that follow.
Practice 6
Send Me a Letter, Please 109
a. Where does the dialogue happen?
b. What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer.
c. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason!
d. Could you write the polite expressions you notice
from the above dialogue?
1. Do you know what a hotel is ?
2. Where do you usually 􀃀 nd a hotel?
3. Can you mention types of hotels that you know?
table
could
night evening
may
please a.m.
ordered reserve hotel
husband’s name reservation
eight
all right that’s right
restaurant
Holiday Inn Marguiritta Restaurant
seven name p.m.
Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally.
Read the text aloud, make some notes and retell
Practice 8 it again using your own words.
Source: homepage.eircom.net
History of Hotel
110 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. When did inns start serving travellers?
2. Where are hotels usually available?
3. What happened by the end of the 18th century?
4. Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century?
1. If you go outside your town, you can use to
stay the night. It’s cheaper than a hotel.
2. It’s better for you to take the South . Because
the distance you’ll take will be shorter.
3. In times, people used horses or ships to go
to another place.
4. Some apartments are growing fast especially
in big cities.
5. is a place where you can stay, but usually
only for a short time.
6. Some offer you a room to spend the night
along highway routes.
lodging taverns
ancient luxurious
route
inn
Answer the following questions orally based on
Practice 9 the text.
Fill in the blanks with some words from the
Practice 10 text.
Inns have served travellers since ancient times.
The location of hotels has always been related to
the transportation available. During colonial times
hotels were usually situated in seaport towns,
but by the end of the 18th century, many inns
and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings
along highway routes. After the construction of
railroads in the 19th century, larger hotels were
built near railroad stations to accommodate railway
travellers. Standards of service and comfort rose
appreciably and in the larger cities the types of
lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious.
Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library, 2008
Send Me a Letter, Please 111
Belibis
A 􀃀 ve star hotel with city and view
Promotion Package during
only
Includes 1X
2X dinner
Free to Use Our Facilities
Such as :
Complete the following advertisement with the
words in the box and promote the hotel to your
friend in your own words.
Practice 11
Spa centre
breakfast
beach
Fitness centre
Swimming pool Rp750,000,00
Week days Hotel
View
Now, make your own advertisement. Then try to
Practice 12 promote it to your friend.
1. travellers : /travlə(r)s/
2. times : /taɪms/
3. hotels : /həʊ'tels/
4. towns : /taʊnz/
5. inns : /ɪns/
6. routes : /ru:ts/
7. railroads : /reɪlrəʊdz/
8. cities : /sɪtɪs/
9. luxurious : /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/
10. types : /taɪps/
Pronounce It!
112 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. What is the man?
2. Is the motorcycle important for him? Why?
3. How does the man travel if he does not use his
motorcycle?
4. Can you guess more about his profession?
glue postmark seal stamp
parcel mailbag envelope postcard
Look at the picture and answer the questions
Practice 1 orally.
Write down the words in the box under the correct
Practice 2 pictures.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• read aloud report texts;
• identify another form of report text.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• identify certain information and characteristic of report texts.
Reading
Send Me a Letter, Please 113
7. This is from
my father.
8. This is a postage
.
6. is a very sticky
substance.
5. This is a .
Source: Publisher’s Documentation
1. This is an . 2. My friend Matt gave me a
from Australia.
3. Whose is it? 4. A is a design
stamped on a piece of wax.
114 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. Is there a mailbox near your house?
2. Does much of the world’s business depend upon the
postal service?
3. How is mail transported?
4. Can you give some examples of mail transportation?
Mention them.
5. When is the mail collected from the mail box?
Answer the following questions before reading
Practice 3 the text.
Read the text carefully and answer the questions
Practice 4 that follow.
Postal Matters
The mail box can be your doorway to the world.
Because they connect each country. Through it you
can go into nearly every country in the world. Each
postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your
letter.
If your letter, documents, postcard, or package
is going overseas, they will pass through many
hands and perhaps many lands. It is the duty of
our postal service to see that your mail gets to its
destination as quickly as possible.
Source: The World Book Student
Discovery Encyclopedia, 2006
Send Me a Letter, Please 115
No. A B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
doorway
postage
overseas
destination
handle
schedule
delay
a. list of planned events, times for
doing something
b. place to which something or
somebody is going
c. be or make slow or late
d. touch with or hold in the
hands
e. to or from (places) across the
sea
f. amount charged for the sending
of a letter
g. an entrance
1. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world?
2. What are the means of transportation used to carry
mail?
3. What will happen if our letter is goes overseas?
4. Where are stamped letters mailed?
5. Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal
service?
6. How is the mail collected?
Match each word in column A with its meaning in
Practice 5 column B.
Much of the world’s business depends upon the
postal service. That’s why most nations cooperate
closely on postal matters. The mail always goes
through. A 􀃁 ood in China or India, or an earthquake
in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay, but new routes
are quickly found and mail is still delivered.
Basically, mail is handled in the same way in almost
every country. A stamped letter is mailed from the post
of􀃀 ce or mail box. The mail is collected from the
mailboxes on a regular schedule. All letters, postcards
and small parcels are taken to a central post of􀃀 ce
which employ many people.
Adapted from United States Postal Service
Horizon
New
1. The 􀃀 rst stamp taxes
were used by the
Dutch in 1624. The
British Stamp Act
in 1765 taxed the
American Colonists.
2. The world’s 􀃀 rst
adhesive stamp was
made in Great Britain
in 1840.
Taken from The World
Book Student Discovery
Encyclopedia, 2006
116 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. He has her as a secretary.
2. Would you like to these letters?
3. There is a in the neighbourhood.
4. I have to go to the to mail some letters.
5. The in Mexico has caused many deaths.
6. The departure of the train follows a
7. From whom did you get the ?
8. She wants to send a letter and she needs a .
9. Can I send a by using the postal service?
10. My father is going to a speech in a
seminar.
Identify the characteristic of report text in
Practice 4 by 􀃀 lling in the Practice 6 following table.
employed
earthquake
regular schedule
post
deliver
postage stamp parcel
post of􀃀 ce mail-box postcard
Complete the following sentences using the
Practice 7 words/phrases in the box.
Paragraph General Classi􀃀 cation Description
Follow-up Activity
Find from any literature another report texts. Then
identify its character and its feature such as present tense.
Compare your work with your friends’. Who has the most
interesting topic?
Send Me a Letter, Please 117
Read the text and answer the questions that
Practice 8 follow.
Hotels
Source: www.royalhoteliow.co.uk
People sometimes need hotels if they travel far
from homes. They sometimes need hotels when they
arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any
relatives there.
Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually
meals and various personal services for the public. A
good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences.
Travel is usually safe and pleasant.
Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common.
People can 􀃀 nd the advertisements of the hotels in
newspapers, brochures, the internet, and magazines.
Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two
important factors. First, business travellers wish to
stay close to the of􀃀 ces or industrial plants they plan
to visit. Second, the location of the airport is close to
the hotels.
As the pace of jet travel grows, hotels spring up
near airports. Some travellers stay at airport inns
when their 􀃁 ights are delayed. To save time, business
executives often select airport hotels for meetings or
conferences. Once the plane lands, the hotel is only
minutes away.
Log On
Is travelling one of your
hobbies? Which places
do you like most to
visit? Can you tell why?
Travelling can help us
to relax from the work
routines that go through
every day. So, if you
plan to go on vacation
soon, you can click www.
iloveblue.com to look
for the latest info about
places of interest.
118 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. What do the following words refer to?
a. they (paragraph 1)
b. there (paragraph 1)
c. their (paragraph 4)
2. What does a good hotel provide?
3. What kind of hotel is common today?
4. Where can you 􀃀 nd advertisements for the hotels?
1. Which hotels can survive and
prosper more?
a. Big hotels.
b. Small hotels.
c. Luxurious hotels.
d. Downtown hotels.
2. What does survive mean?
(All the answers are correct,
except one. Which one is it?)
a. Go bankrupt.
b. Continue to live.
c. Remain alive.
d. Continue to exist.
3. What is the Indonesian word for
lodging?
a. Losmen.
b. Penginapan.
c. Penempatan.
d. Tempat istirahat.
4. Hotels are places that provide
lodging and meals ....
What is meant by meals?
a. Coffee, milk, tea.
b. Bread, butter, jam.
c. Rice, porridge, soup.
d. Breakfast, lunch, dinner.
5. ... various personal services for the
public. What does public mean in
Indonesian?
a. Orang. c. Manusia.
b. Umum. d. Perorangan.
6. As the pace of jet travel grows,
hotels spring up near airports.
What does spring up mean?
a. Bring. c. Leap.
b. Appear. d. Jump.
7. Some travellers stay at airport inns
.... What is an inn?
a. A building in which aeroplanes
are kept.
b. A place where whisky is sold
and drunk.
c. A public house where
travellers may eat, drink, and
sleep.
d. A large building where
travellers may get meals and
lodging.
8. ... when their 􀃁 ights are delayed.
What does delay mean?
a. Cancel. c. Arrive.
b. Retreat. d. Postpone.
9. To save time, business executives
often .... What does save mean?
a. Set free from sin.
b. Keep from injury.
c. Avoid loss of time.
d. Keep for future use.
10. Once the plane lands, the hotel is
only 10 minutes away. Minutes away
means a very short space of ....
a. depth c. time
b. distance d. length
Read the text once again and choose either a, b,
c, or d for the right Practice 9 answer.
Send Me a Letter, Please 119
Enrich Your Knowledge
1. Number :
2. Attention :
3. Hotel :
4. Message :
5. The guest’s name is
6. He wants to stay from to at , to .
7. He will arrive at about . He wants a and food.
Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex
Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. Then,
write down the messages in the following form.
1. Identify the general classi􀃀 cation of the text.
2. Can you write a description of the text?
3. What is the form of the text?
Read the text in Practice 8 once again. Then
Practice 10 answer the following questions.
Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’
• ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special 􀃀 nites. Remember that
we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past; ‘might’ can refer to either
present, past or future.
a. We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked,
given or refused:
“May I go now?” “Yes, you may.”
b. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition, usually in official
notices:
Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings.
c. Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility:
We have a few minutes left; we may still catch the bus.
Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’
• ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special 􀃀 nites.
• ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’.
• ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used
a. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission:
“Can I borrow this book?” “No, you can’t.”
“Could I ask you a question?” “Yes, you can.” (Not: could)
b. to express ability or capacity to do something:
I can beat him at swimming any time!
Gramma r Stage
120 English in Focus for Grade IX
Study the following Practice 1 graphic.
In this section, you will learn how to:
• identify report text in the form of simple graphic;
• write a letter.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
• write report text based on graphic;
• write a letter correctly.
Writing
Example:
You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license).
You say: 1. You can drive a car when you are 17.
2. You could drive a car after you got your
license.
1. He can leave it here. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to).
2. He can play chess. (this afternoon/when he was young).
3. I can 􀃁 y a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the
air force).
4. We can do this exercise (next week/last week).
5. She can cook very well. (with more practice/when I knew
her).
Practice 11 Make sentences like the example.
Hotel’s occupation (in percent %)
60 -
50 -
40 -
30 -
20 -
10 -
A B C D E
0
City
Send Me a Letter, Please 121
Coordinating Conjunctions Sentence Connectors Meaning
and
but, yet
for (untuk)
or
so
nor
furthermore, besides,
in addition
more over, also
however, nevertheless
still in contrast
otherwise
consequently, therefore, thus,
accordingly
additional idea
contrast idea
reason
choice of two
possibilities
result
negative choice
The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas
between sentences.
1. The 􀃀 ve-star hotel in city A has occupation
rate.
2. In city B the occupation rate is
3. City C has occupation rate.
4. We can see that in city D the occupation
rate is
Complete the following sentences based on the
Practice 2 graphic in Practice 1.
Study the following explanation about coordinators
Practice 3 and connectors.
Now, write a paragraph based on Practice 2. Use
Practice 4 the coord inators and/or connectors.
Begin your paragraph with The 􀃀 ve-star hotel in city A
has 20 % rate, but in city B the occupation rate is ....
122 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. Amanda Cottage is a 􀃀 ve-star hotels.
2. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298)
921334.
3. Nugraha Wisata has no phone number.
4. If we want to stay in Ambarawa, we can go to the
Sarimaryn.
5. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number.
6. Puri Asri is a two-star hotel.
7. In Plaza Panghegar we can 􀃀 nd a pujasera and a
department store.
Decide whether the following statements are
true (T) or false (F) based on the information in
Practice 5.
Practice 6
Study the following information about hotels in
Central Java and classify them based on star hotel
category.
Practice 5
Semarang Regency
1. Amanda Cottage*
Jln. Kenteng Bandungan, Phone (0298) 91154.
2. Ungaran Cantik*
Jln. Diponegoro Ungaran, Phone (024) 921334.
3. Nugraha Wisata*
Jln. Raya Sumowono Bandungan, Phone (0298)
91501.
4. Sarimaryn (J-3)***
Bandungan Ambarawa, Phone (024) 91485.
5. Kencana (J-3)**
Gintungan Bandungan, Phone (0298) 91449.
Magelang Municipality
1. Plaza Panghegar***
Jln. A. Yani 4, Phone (0293) 64481.
2. Puri Asri**
Jln. Cempaka 9, Phone (0293) 64114.
3. Trio**
Jln. Jend. Sudirman 68, Phone (0293) 65095.
4. Borobudur*
Jln. A. Yani 492, Phone (0293) 64502.
5. City*
Jln. Daha 23, Phone (0293) 63347.
* = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel
** = two-star hotel
Adapted from Guides to Central Java, 1996
Send Me a Letter, Please 123
1. Put your own address at the top on the right. Start
with the ‘smallest things’: house number, street, and
town. Post code and telephone number come last.
2. Put the date directly under the address. Begin with
day, followed by the month and year.
3. Begin the letter (Dear...) on the left. Common ways
of addressing people are:
• by 􀃀 rst name (informal): Dear Hany.
• by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms.
Hopkins. Some people like to use the name and
surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing
to strangers or people that they do not know well.
• Do not use a title like Mr together with a 􀃀 rst
name.
(NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar)
Let’s write a letter. Each culture has its own way
of organizing a letter. English-speaking people
generally observe the following rules.
Practice 8
Look at the following picture carefully. Then,
with your partner make a short report based on
the picture given.
Practice 7
124 English in Focus for Grade IX
1. You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London
WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956. On 26 August 2008.
2. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with
your parents.
3. Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian
stamps to add to his collection. Say you can bring
them with you later.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Now, study the following form of letter. Then,
complete each part based on the explanation in
Practice 8.
Practice 9
Make a letter to your friend Ali in London. The
following clues will Practice 10 help you.
4. After ‘Dear...’, put a comma or nothing at all.
5. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually
􀃀 nish yours faithfully. Formal letters which begin
with the person’s name (e.g. Dear Miss Laney, Dear
David Brown) usually 􀃀 nish yours sincerely. Informal
letters may 􀃀 nish, for example, yours, see you or love.
6. Sign with your 􀃀 rst name (informal) or your full name
(formal). Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan
Forbes, A. Forbes, A. J. Forbes.
7. In informal letters, after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that
are added after the signature are usually introduced
by PS (Latin language = post scriptum).
Send Me a Letter, Please 125
• Write a letter to one of your classmates.
• You can write about an unforgetable experience in
your life.
• Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8.
• After writing the letter, put it in the envelope.
• Write down the addressee of the letter completely.
• Then post the letter. Make sure your friend receives
the letter.
Complete the following envelope with the clues
Practice 11 given.
Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate.
attach a stamp
here!
the
addressee
your name and
address
Follow-up Activity
Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to
a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting
and you can practise your English. Why don’t you click
www.penfriend.com and search for a friend to send your
letter to. Choose a friend that has similar interests to
you.
126 English in Focus for Grade IX
• Language Function
􀊇 Polite expressions to show a manner
- May, I help you ....
- Would you mind ....
• Genre of text: Report
􀊇 Social function: To report something, just the way it is. The
subject includes natural things, environment, social matters,
or human matters. Description of a general classi􀃀 cation.
􀊇 Generic structure:
- General classi􀃀 cation which includes the report’s subject,
information, and its classi􀃀 cation.
- Description of the subject.
Chinese culture played a truly signi􀃀 cant role in the development
of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu,
Buddhist or Muslim in􀃁 uences....
• Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense; Special Finites 'May' and 'Might',
'Can' and 'Could'
Examples
They had studied for six hours.
Amrizal had slept for ten hours.
May I talk now?
I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow.
I can run to school.
She believed she could 􀃁 y.
After studying all subjects in this chapter, answer the
following questions.
1. What will you say when you greet older people?
2. Make a report of your daily activities
3. Did you 􀃀 nd any dif􀃀 culties in this unit? What were
they?
If you find some difficulties while answering the
questions, you can learn the subjects once more or you
may consult your teacher.
L earning Review
L e a r n i n g E s s e n t i a l
127
1. a. tent
b. went
2. a. come
b. came
3. a. sort
b. short
4. a. picked
b. tick
5. a. continue
b. continued
6. a. have
b. had
7. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit
your school next month?
Dion : De􀃀 nitely. Because my parents
asked me to go with them.
The italicised words show .
a. certainty
b. uncertainty
c. agreement
d. giving interesting news
8. go as soon as they have 􀃀 nished.
a. Let s u c. Let he s
b. Let e m d. Let hemt
9. Dika : Have you heard that we will be
going to Dunia Fantasi next
holiday?
Tina : Really? How wonderful!
The 􀃀 rst italicised phrase is an expression
of
a. pleasure
b. happiness
c. giving interesting news
d. asking for information
10. The second italicised phrase in the
dialogue in number 9 is an expression
.
a. responding to pleasure
b. responding to happiness
c. responding to interesting news
d. giving information
11. He thanked her for what she (do).
a. have do c. had do
b. have done d. had done
12. Waiter : Good afternoon, Miss.
Miss Aura : Yes, please. I have reserved
one table for me and my
friend.
a. How are you?
b. May, I help you?
c. Is there anything I can do.
d. Do you want to order?
Listen to the tape. Then, 􀃀 ll in the
blanks while listening by choosing a
or b.
Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1.
Text 1
Dear Lula,
How are you? I’m doing good here. One week
ago I 1 to Batam island for business.
I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta,
because it was only a 3 visit. I only
stayed for one night. My colleague 4
me up at the airport. Then, we 5 our
journey to the hotel. It was a very hot day.
I remembered that I 6 􀃀 ve cold drinks
in one hour. I also visited Nagoya, Batam
Centre and Galang Island. I didn’t forget to
go shopping there. OK, Lula. That’s enough
for now. Don’t forget to write me soon.
Love,
Susan
Exercise of Chapters 4–5
128 English in Focus for Grade IX
Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2.
Text 2
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the
correct answer.
15. What is a forest ranger?
a. A p oliceman.
b. A forest guard.
c. A forest scientist.
d. A police of􀃀 cer.
16. What does a forest ranger do?
a. Watches from a tower in the forest.
b. Takes care of the forest.
c. Stops any illegal logging.
d. All the answers are correct.
17. He has been working there for .
a. 14 years c. 16 years
b. 15 years d. 25 years
18. In my duty, I rarely face any real
problems. Rarely means .
a. never c. almost evenr
b. 15 earys d. often
13. Receptionist : . A porter will
carry your lugage.
Have a nice holiday.
Mr Tanaka : Thank you very much.
a. Yes, Sir
b. Please, Sir
c. Certainly, Sir
d. All right, Sir
14. Could I ask you some questions?
.
a. Yes, you could.
b. Yes, I’m.
c. Yes, you can.
d. No, you couldn’t.
The Forest Ranger’s Dream
I am a forest ranger. Taking care of
forests has been my job for 􀃀 fteen years.
I love it, eventhough sometimes it can be
very dangerous, I could lose my life. In
my duties, I rarely face great problems,
just small groups of illegal loggers and
non-serious violations such as littering,
graf􀃀 ting, and camping in illegal places.
I had one bad experience that changed
my life forever. It happened three years
ago, on a dark cold night....
I was so worried, the weather was hot
and there had been no rain for a long time.
The trees in the forest were dry as a bone.
It would just take a tiny spark to turn the
whole forest into a raging sea of 􀃀 re. Then,
in the afternoon from my watchtower
high above the trees, I saw a thin spiral of
smoke. Fire! I yelled aloud. Fire 􀃀 ghters
rushed to the blaze in trucks. Working as
fast as they could, the men battled against
the blaze with streams of water. They
started to chop down trees and dig up the
ground to keep the 􀃀 re from spreading.
Then, came the aeroplanes dumping
massive amounts of water treated with
special chemicals to put off the blazing
forest. From other planes came men with
parachutes. These men were 􀃀 re 􀃀 ghters
called smoke jumpers. They parachuted
into places that men on the ground cannot
reach easily. This is very dangerous work
because no one can save them if they get
into trouble. Finally, in six hours, the
􀃀 remen had stopped the spread of 􀃀 re.
Thousands of trees had become blackened
stumps had been saved.
Then, I heard a terrible ringing sound
coming from inside of the trees. Oh my
God... it was a horrible dream. People in
yellow everywhere, a great 􀃀 re sparking,
aeroplane engines were roaring over my
head.
Since then, I am always be careful.
Especially when I check the camping
area or in the holiday season where many
people come to the forest. Not one single
active cigarette left or camp 􀃀 re remains.
I will not let the forest 􀃀 re in my dream
come true.
Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129
c. Chop out the trees and dig up the
ground.
d. Chop down the trees and dig up the
ground.
27. Where do men with parachutes come
from?
a. Helicopter.
b. Aeroplane.
c. Other planets.
d. Parachutes.
28. They parachute into places .
What is the meaning of parachute here?
a. landing c. running
b. jumping d. walking
29. What is the form of Text 1?
a. Descriptive. c. Narrative.
b. Recount. d. Report.
19. Illegal logger is a .
a. person that chops down trees
illegally
b. person that sells wood illegally
c. person that steals wood
d. person that comes to the forest
illegally
20. The statements below are stated as nonserious
violations in the text. But there
is one wrong statement. Which one is
it?
a. Throwing a plastic can.
b. Writing symbols on trees.
c. Throwing a dead leaf.
d. Camping in forbidden areas.
21. What changed the writer’s life forever?
a. Bad experience.
b. Horrible experience.
c. Horrible dream.
d. Valuable dream.
22. What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”?
a. Dry enough.
b. A half dry.
c. Dry all over
d. Dry inside and outside
23. What does “tiny spark” mean?
a. Tiny light. c. Tiny lamp.
b. Tiny 􀃀 re. d. Tiny beam.
24. A raging sea of 􀃀 re means .
a. large 􀃀 re spreading
b. 􀃀 re like a sea
c. expanding 􀃀 re
d. big 􀃀 re
25. Fire 􀃀 ghters rush to the blaze in trucks.
What does blaze mean?
a. Lighting. c. Fire.
b. Sparking. d. Battle.
26. What do they do to keep the 􀃀 re from
spreading?
a. Chop down the young trees and dig
up the ground.
b. Chop up the trees and dig up the
ground.
Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3.
Text 3
Recent Developments at the Post Of􀃀 ce
Source: The World Book Encyclopedia, 2007
Post of􀃀 ces in industrial countries have
a policy to provide their customers with a
better service. One of their better services
is the handling of mail. Government also
takes part to increase the function of post
of􀃀 ces. Now, the postage rates have risen.
Private 􀃀 rms are not normally allowed
to handle ordinary mail, although some
private carriers have been increasingly
in circulating catalogues, magazines,
and merchandise samples. Private parcel
carriers also compete with the post
of􀃀 ce.
130 English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c or d for the
correct answer.
30. In what countries do post of􀃀 ces have a
policy?
a. Developing countries.
b. Modern countries.
c. Industrial countries.
d. a, b, and c are incorrect.
31. What is the policy about?
a. Better service.
b. Customers only.
c. To provide better services for
customers.
d. To provide better service for
everyone.
32. In your opinion, how can they increase
their better services by handling of mail?
a. They don’t deliver mail on time.
b. They handle it carelessly.
c. They handle it carefully.
d. They handle it foolishly.
33. How can the government increase the
function of post of􀃀 ces?
a. Funding
b. Stricter laws.
c. Asking people to write many letters.
d. a, b, c are incorrect.
34. Why have the postage rates risen?
a. Because the private firms are not
normally allowed to handle ordinary
mail.
b. Because the government is
involved.
c. Because it has better service, now.
d. Because some private carriers have
also increased their services.
35. What competes with the post of􀃀 ce?
a. Government.
b. Private 􀃀 rms.
c. Private carriers.
d. Parcel businesses.
36. What is the meaning of the phrase “a
major development” in paragraph 2
line 2?
a. Main development.
b. First development.
c. Single development.
d. Initial development.
37. What is the meaning of the phrase “being
extended” in paragraph 2 line 4?
a. To be stopped.
b. To be enlarged.
c. To be continued.
d. To be delayed.
38. An example of modernising into new
technological developments of the post
of􀃀 ce is .
a. postmen driving cars
b. using pigeons
c. using web services
d. using hotline services
39. What do small nations get from the
stamp collectors?
a. Great money.
b. Invaluable income.
c. Valuable income.
d. Earning income.
40. What is the main job of post of􀃀 cers
and postal workers?
a. Delivering mail.
b. Delivering parcels.
c. Delivering money.
d. a, b, c are incorrect.
The growth of electronic postal services
has been a major development. In developing
countries, the postal service is being extended
to rural areas, and modernised into new
technological developments. Many small
nations earn valuable income from the
stamp collectors. However, delivery of letters
remains the main job of post officers and
postal workers around the world.
Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia, 2007
Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131
Change the following sentences using
can and could.
1. He can play football. (after a few
practises/when he was seventeen years
old)
2. I can write a short story quickly. (if
he doesn’t disturb me/every day last
week).
Change the following sentences using
may or might.
3. Can I go now?
Change the following sentences into
passive voice with agent. The tenses
are given.
4. The article (beautiful write) by Lola.
- Present Perfect
5. The door (already shut) by Bona.
- Present Perfect
6. The building (bomb) two months ago.
- Simple Past
Change the words in brackets into the
correct form.
7. Angel (write) this story when she was
in elementary school.
8. He saw that his beloved daughter
(vanish) into the air.
9. A : Did you 􀃀 nish reading the fable?
B : Yes, I did. I it yesterday.
10. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new
shoes?
Wulan : Yes, He did. Sam Spider
new shoes.
132 English in Focus for Grade IX
Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1.
Text 1
Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2.
Text 2
Are you thinking of getting a pet dog
or cat? You must think carefully about
how to take care of a pet.
Firstly, ask yourself. Do you have a
room in your house for a pet cat or dog?
They need plenty of room to run about.
And you need to take dogs out often so
that they will not fall sick. So if you do
not have time to take them out, don't get
a pet dog.
Secondly, you have to spend money
on pet food. Dogs eat a lot and that means
you have to buy a lot of dog food, that
costs money.
Lastly, if there are small children in
the house, it is better not to get a pet. Your
little baby brother or sister may get bitten
or scratched. Choose a pet carefully and
you will enjoy taking care of it.
Taken from UPSR, 2001
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the
correct answer.
1. What pets are mentioned in the text?
a. Dogs and Cats.
b. Dogs only.
c. Cats only.
d. Birds.
2. Which pets need to be taken out for
walks?
a. Dogs and Cats.
b. Cats.
c. Dogs.
d. Birds.
3. Which is needed to have a pet?
a. Time and money.
b. Baby brother.
c. Baby sister.
d. Dog food.
4. Which is not true?
a. Babies may get bitten by pets.
b. Babies may get scratched by pets.
c. It costs money to keep pets.
d. You do not need to take care of pets.
5. The passage is all about .
a. choosing a pet dog
b. taking care of a pet
c. choosing a pet cat
d. playing with brothers and sisters.
The Indonesian Archipelago
Indonesia is a country in Southeast
Asia that consists of more than 13,000
islands. The islands lie along the equator
and extend more than 5,000 kilometers.
Many of the islands cover only a few
square kilometers. But about a half of
New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo
also belong to Indonesia. Those islands
are the second-and-third largest islands
in the world, after Greenland.
Many geographers divide the more
than 13,600 islands of Indonesia into three
groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands,
(2) the lesser Sunda Islands, and (3) the
Mollucas. Indonesia also includes Irian
Jaya, which is part of New Guinea.
The Greater Sunda includes Borneo,
Sulawesi, Java and Sumatra. The Lesser
Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward
to Timor. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi
Final Evaluation
Final Evaluation 133
6. Where is Indonesia located?
a. In Southwest Asia.
b. Along the equator.
c. Near Mollucas.
d. In the Greenland.
7. Paragraph two talks about
a. the three divisions of Indonesia's
islands.
b. the greater Sunda islands.
c. the Indonesian geographers.
d. the position of Indonesia
8. Which of the followings belong to the
􀃀 rst largest island in the world?
a. Borneo. c. New Guinea.
b. Irian Jaya. d. Greenland.
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2007
9. The greater Sunda includes
a. Java, Sumatra.
b. Sulawesi.
c. Borneo, New Guinea.
d. Sumatra.
10. The Mollucas lie between .
a. Sulawesi and Borneo.
b. Sumatra, Java and New Guinea.
c. New Guinea and Sulawesi.
d. Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Java and
Sumatra
Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3.
Text 3
Japanese Lantern
Source: Make and Do, 1993
11. What will you need to do the
experiment?
a. Pencil, ruler, sticky tape.
b. Lightweight card, pencil, ruler,
scissors, sticky tape.
c. Lightweight card, pencil, ruler, sticky
tape.
d. Ruler, scissors, sticky tape.
12. What must you do after folding one of
the sheets of card?
a. Rule a line.
b. Overlap the ends and tape them
together.
c. Cut slits about 1 cm apart.
d. Cut a fringe for the base.
13. What must you do before making the
centre tube?
a. Fold one of the sheets of card.
b. Cut a fringe for the base.
c. Cut slits about 1 cm apart.
d. Rule a line.
and New Guinea. The western part
of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya, an
Indonesian territory. Compared to the
other regions, Irian Jaya is the most thinly
populated.
Take n from Ujian
Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2007
You will need:
• 2 sheets of lightweight card in different
colours.
• a pencil
• a ruler
• scissors
• sticky tape
How to make it:
1. Fold one of the sheets of card in half
lengthways.
2. Rule a line along the length of the
card near the unfolded edges.
3. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this
line. Unfold the slotted card.
4. To make the centre tube, cut the second
sheet of card in half widthways.
5. Overlap the ends and tape them
together. Tape the edges of the slotted
card to the tube, making sure that the
two side edges overlap a little.
6. Cut a fringe for the base.
Taken from Make and Do, 1993
134 English in Focus for Grade IX
16. The string should be tied .
a. at both ends of the stick
b. at the centre of the stick
c. to the door, window or ceiling
d. to keys, feathers and sharpeners
17. To make a simple mobile, you need at
least sticks
a. one
b. two
c. four
d. three
18. It is best to use light things because they
.
a. move easily
b. are balanced
c. are colourful
d. are of many shapes
19. The word decorate in the 􀃀 rst paragraph
means to make a place .
a. clean
b. beautiful
c. colourful
d. interesting
20. From the passage, we can see that
.
a. it is easy to make mobiles
b. children like to make mobiles
c. mobiles can be hung anywhere
d. many things are needed to make
mobiles
21. Anton : Hello, can I speak to
Dinita?
Dinita's mother : Sorry, I didn't catch
what you said. Can you
repeat again, please?
The italicised sentence is showing .
a. certainty
b. repetition
c. agreement
d. hesitation
22. Rani : Hi, Ramdan. I will go to
Surabaya to visit my sister.
Ramdan : Are you sure?
Rani : .
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4.
Text 4
Make some mobiles to decorate your
room. You can hang them from the ceiling
or on the windows or doors. You need
strings, sticks and cardboard to make
mobiles.
How to make it:
1. Take a stick. Tie a piece of string at
its centre. Balance the stick from this
string. Each end of the stick should
not be higher or lower than the
other.
2. Draw squares, circles, rectangles,
triangles, stars and other shapes on
a cardboard. Cut out the shapes.
3. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes
on both sides of the stick. Make sure
that the stick is balanced.
4. Do the same thing with another
stick. Then, tie these two sticks to
another stick above them.
You can hang other light things like
keys, feathers, pencil or sharpeners.
They will move easily when there is
some wind.
Taken from UPSR, 2000
How to Make Mobiles
14. How do you make the centre tube?
a. Unfold the slotted card.
c. Fold one of the sheets of card.
b. Cut the second sheet of card in half
width ways.
d. Overlap the ends and tape them
together.
15. What kind of text is Text 3?
a. Narrative.
b. Procedure.
c. Descriptive.
d. Report.
Final Evaluation 135
Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5.
Text 5
The correct expression to show
hesitation is .
a. Yes, I'm sure
b. Actually, I'm not too sure
c. Yes, I can
d. Really?
23. Ami : Are sure you can do it by your–
self?
Tika : (the expression of
certainty).
a. I'm quite sure
b. Really?
c. Yes, I can
d. Sorry, I didn't hear
24. Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics
yesterday.
Tika : Really? Fantastic!
The italicised word is showing .
a. attention
b. admiral
c. agreement
d. repetition
25. It was cold and humid yesterday, so
we postponed the botanical
gardens.
a. buying
b. working
c. opening
d. visiting
26. A: Can I have this newspaper?
B: 'Yes I have with it.'
a. 􀃀 nishing
b. 􀃀 nish
c. 􀃀 nished
d. being 􀃀 nished
27. Bob 􀃀 nished at midnight.
a. buying
b. opening
c. studying
d. visiting
Two Brothers
Long ago, there were two brothers
called Akomi and Ombah. They were
ambitious and winning. Akomi, the elder
brother, said, "If we become the King's
employees, we can make laws to collect
more money from the people. We will
become very rich."
They went to see King Aruya. Akomi
said, "Your Majesty, let us be your
ministers. We will make good laws. All
your subjects will be happy. I am wise
and clever. I know everything."
King Aruya said angrily, "That is
not true! No body knows everything. For
example, do you know how many stars
there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this
liar into the river of crocodiles!"
Ombah's hands trembled. Then he
thought to himself, "King Aruya will
also punish me if I say the wrong thing.
My brother said he knew everything
and his answer was wrong. So if I say
the opposite, my answer will be right."
Ombah then said, to King Aruya, "Your
majesty, I know nothing."
King Aruya said, "That is also
a lie. Nobody knows nothing, truly!
Everybody knows at least something. For
example, you know your father's name,
don't you? Guards! Throw him into the
river of crocodiles, too!"
Taken from UPSR, 2000
136 English in Focus for Grade IX
Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6.
Text 6
28. The two brother's ambition was to .
a. become rich
b. become ministers
c. help the King make good laws
d. make the King's subjects happy
29. King Aruya called Akomi a liar because
Akomi .
a. knew everything
b. made him angry
c. did not tell the truth
d. wanted to collect money
30. Ombah said I know nothing because he
.
a. did not want to lie to King Aruya
b. wanted to see the crocodiles
c. did not know how many stars
there were
d. thought that the answer would be
right
31. Ombah's hands trembled because he
.
a. was afraid
b. knew nothing
c. was thinking hard
d. had the right answer
32. From the story, we can see that King
Aruya .
a. kept many crocodiles
b. could make good laws
c. did not need any ministers
d. disliked people who told lies
33. There were passengers and
crew members on the ship.
a. about two thousand
b. more than one thousand
c. four hundred and sixty one
d. six hundred and thirty two
34. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will
Go On” probably .
a. because they liked the song
b. to show that they were very brave
c. to remain calm during the
emergency
d. because they enjoyed the
excitement
35. The word evacuate means to .
a. leave the ship
b. put out the 􀃀 re
c. use the lifeboats
d. save the passengers
Source: UPSR, 2000
Ship Sinks – All Rescued
Penang, Sat. The holiday cruise ship;
Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca
yesterday after its engine caught 􀃀 re. The
ship was on its way to Singapore from
Thailand. All the 461 passengers and 632
crew members were rescued.
The 􀃀 re started in the engine room
at about 2.00 p.m. The passengers were
moved to the open upper decks for safety.
Some passengers song My Heart Will
Go On while black smoke was billowing
from the engine room.
The captain gave the order to evacuate
the ship at 5.30 p.m. to all crew. The
passengers were ordered to get into
the sixteen lifeboats. Some passengers
panicked when there was as shortage of
life-jackets. The passengers remained in
lifeboats for several hours. They waited
for rescue ships.
The Royal Malaysian Navy sent
nine vessels to the rescue. Marine police
boats were the 􀃀 rst to reach the scene at
12.05 a.m. More boats including Penang
Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries
also rushed to the rescue.
Taken from UPSR, 2000
Final Evaluation 137
Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7.
Text 7
36. Some passengers panicked because
.
a. they waited for several hours
b. there were only sixteen lifeboats
c. they were moved to the
uppendecks
d. there were not enough life jackets
37. The 􀃀 rst ships to arrive at the scene
were .
a. Marine Police boats
b. Royal Malaysian Navy
c. Penang Port tugboats
d. two Langkawi ferries
38. Dina is probaby Budi’s .
a. younger brother
b. good friend
c. cousin brother
d. uncle
39. The word moved means .
a. jumped
b. bought
c. shifted
d. pushed
40. Why does Budi like the new house?
a. It has a swimming pool.
b. It is bigger with more rooms.
c. It has a rock garden.
d. It has a river.
41. From the letter we know that Dina likes
.
a. badminton
b. 􀃀 shing
c. football
d. new house
42. Which of the following would probably
be built later?
a. Swimming pool.
b. Football 􀃀 eld.
c. Rock garden.
d. Badminton court.
43. Irma : Hi, Risa. Guess what! I passed
the test yesterday.
Risa : That’s great, congratulations.
The italicised phrase is the expression
for .
a. gratitude
b. agreement
c. telling interesting news
d. pleasure
Your Sincerely,
Budi
How about visiting me and seeing
our new house? I have already found a
river which is good for 􀃀 shing. I think
you will enjoy a weekend here. See you
soon!
Dear Dina,
How are you getting along? It has
been quite some time since I wrote to
you. I hope that you and your family
are doing well. As you can see from
the address above I have moved house.
My father bought a new house. We sold
off the double storey terrace house and
moved to a double storey semi-detached
house.
I like the new house. The compound
is so much bigger than the old house.
There are more rooms and we have big
garden. My father said that we could
have a swimming pool in the garden if
we want to. However, my mother said
she would rather have a rock garden
complete with waterfall. As for me I
would rather have a space for playing
football or badminton. I think my father
will listen to my mother.
Bandung, June 21, 2008
Jl. Mawar no. 30
Bandung – 12345
138 English in Focus for Grade IX
44. Sales : Good morning, Sir. ?
Mr Edi : I want to know more about
your products.
a. May I help you?
b. Can you help me?
c. Are you sure?
d. Really?
45. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday.
Rusdi : How awful.
The italicised words express .
a. pleasure
b. simphaty
c. gratitude
d. certainly
46. Someone to lock the door.
a. forget
b. have forgotten
c. forgot
d. had forgotten
47. Joe a doctor today.
a. must see
b. see
c. must
d. must saw
48. Olga : Did Gigi sing last night?
Rima : Yes, they did. They last
night.
a. sang
b. sung
c. singing
d. was sleeping
49. Raka : What time did you sleep last
night?
Ami : I at 10 p.m last night.
a. sleeping
b. sleep
c. slept
d. was sleeping
50. Susan to Lombok with her
friends last week.
a. gone
b. go
c. going
d. went
51. football is my hobby.
a. Play
b. Playing
c. Played
d. Being played
52. Mrs Clarke deferred a decision
until the last minute.
a. made
b. make
c. making
d. is making
53. Rima his new article for
Publisher's Weekly.
a. have written
b. wrote
c. writing
d. write
54. My mother a special dinner for
my father last night.
a. make
b. making
c. is making
d. made
55. I my work tonight.
a. can 􀃀 nish
b. can 􀃀 nished
c. can 􀃀 nishing
d. can be 􀃀 nished
56. He from the stair last night.
a. fall
b. falling
c. fell
d. fallen
57. Liana : My brother had an accident
last night.
Bayu : Oh, I’m so sorry to hear that.
The italicised sentence is an expression
of .
a. showing certainty
b. showing uncertainty
c. giving compliment
d. showing sympathy
Final Evaluation 139
58. The horse .
a. worked on the farm
b. was very old
c. slept all day
d. was a big animal
Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8.
Text 8
Two farmers had a big horse. This
was 􀃀 fty years ago, when farmers used
horses a lot. The horse worked in the
􀃀 elds in the day and slept in a stable at
night.
The horse was a big animal, and
the entrance of its ears hit the top of the
entrance. The horse did not like this. it
got angry and often kicked the farmers.
'What can we do about this problem?'
they often asked.
After a long time, one of them
thought of an answer. He said, 'Let's cut
away the top of the entrance. Then the
entrance will be higher.'
So they found a saw and started
cutting. Their saw was old and not very
good, so the work was hard.
After a few minutes, a friend came
to see them. 'What are you doing?' their
friend asked.
The farmers told him about the
problem. The friend said, 'You don't
have to cut the entrance with a saw. You
can dig the entrance with a spade. Then
the 􀃁 oor will be lower. That'll be easier
and quicker.'
The farmers thanked their friend,
and he went away. Then one farmer
said to the other, 'That man's stupid.
The horse's ears are the problem, not its
feet.'
Taken from Junior Comprehension 2, 2000
Two Farmers
59. The horse was too for the
entrance.
a. thin
b. tall
c. slow
d. short
60. It always hurt its .
a. feet
b. head
c. ears
d. nose
1. Identify the structure of text 9.
2. Make a sentence using an expression of
asking and giving certainty.
3. Make a sentence using an expression of
showing and responding to uncertainty.
4. Make a sentence using an expression of
asking repetition.
5. in the sea can be dangerous.
(Gerund)
6. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three
times. (Present Perfect Tense)
7. My sister Ungu concert two
days ago (Past Tense)
8. I well without sleeping pils.
(Modal, can)
9. Make a sentence using might.
10. Can you state the structure for Present
Perfect Tense?
Do the following instructions.
140 English in Focus for Grade IX
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Alexander, L.G. 1972. Practice and Progress. London: Longman.
Allen, W. Stannard. 1995. Living English Structure. London: Longman.
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Nasional.
Bennet, S.M, and Van Veen, T.G. 1983. The Topic Dictionary. London: Thomas Nelson and
Sons.
Blanchard, Karen and Christine Root. 1998. Get Ready to Write, A Beginning Writing Text.
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Blanchard, Karen and Christine Root. 2003. Ready to Write, A First Composition Text. London:
Longman.
Blundell, Jon, Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. 1982. Function in English. London:
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Bonner, Margaret. 1994. Step into Writing, A Basic Writing Text. London: Longman.
Carver, Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. 1998. A Conversation Book 2, English in
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Childcraft: Nature in Danger. 1993. Chicago: World Book.
Hornby, A.S. 1983. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. London: Oxford University
Press.
Kheng, Chan S. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice. Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara.
Kim, Tan Boon. 2000. UPSR. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD.
Kim, Tan Boon. 2000. UPSR. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD
Maclin, Alice. 1994. Reference Guide to English, A Handbook of English as a Second Language.
Washington D.C: CBS College Publishing.
Microsoft Encarta Reference Library, 2008
Molinsky, Steven J. 1994. Word by Word. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Nm. 2007. The New Book of Knowledge. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co.
Scott, Rosemary. 1987. Reading Elementary. London: Oxford University Press.
Seal, Bernard. 1987. Vocabulary Builder. London: Longman.
Soars, Liz and John. 1991. Headway Student’s Book. London: Oxford University Press.
Suyenaga, Joan. 2005. Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK)
Ltd.
Wardiman, Artono. 2005. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School
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World Book Team. 2006.
World Book Team. 2007.
Bibliography
141
Chapter 1
1. www.germes-online.com• 1
2. www.􀃁 heritage.com• 4
3. ayiediary.􀃀 les.wordpress• 5
4. The Big Book of Science Projects, 2005• 7, 18
5. How Does It Work?, 2001• 14, 20
6. www.artcraft.com• 10
7. Hands on Science; Nature, 2008• 11, 20
Chapter 2
1. www.indonesia.ok• 23
2. www.offshoreradio.co.uk• 27
3. www.unj.ac.id• 28
www.banten.go.id•28
4. appreciativeorganization.files.wordpress.
com• 38
www.kbrimanila.org2.ph• 38
www.kbrimanila.org.ph• 38
brangwetan.􀃀 les.wordpress.com• 38
5. Indonesian Heritage, Visual Arts, 2003• 39,
42, 43
6. Kamus Visual, 2007• 47
Chapter 3
1. www.slbn3yogja.net• 49
2. www.recipezaar.com• 51
3. www.rasamalaysia.com• 52
4. CD Image• 54, 67
5. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments,
2005• 50, 58
6. www.parkseed.com
7. 101 Great Science, Experiments,2006• 63
8. Hands on Science, Nature, 2008• 66
Photo Credits
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
1. wayangsuket.􀃀 les.wordpress.com• 70
2. www.indonesianart.blogspot.com• 71
2. Kamus Visual, 2007• 70, 71
3. How Does It Work?, 2001• 72
Chapter 4
1. www. german.leeds.ac.uk• 75
2. www.grasindo.co.id• 79
www.melayuonline.com• 79
3. 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990• 79, 81, 94
4. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to
End Your Day, 2002• 85, 95
Chapter 5
1. www.frightenstein.com• 99
2. www.rhhotels.com.my• 105
3. homepage.eircom.net• 109
4. Publisher Documantation• 113
5. The World Book Student Discovery
Encyclopedia, 2006• 114
6. www.royalhoteliow.co.uk• 117
Exercise of Chapters 4-5
1. The World Book Encyclopedia, 2007• 129
Final Evaluation
1. Make and Do, 1993• 133
2. UPSR, 2000• 135, 136
142 English in Focus for Grade IX
Glossary
accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ : kecelakaan
accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ : menemani, menyertai
aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ : pesawat terbang
annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ : tiap tahun
apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ : meminta maaf
attend /əˈtend/ : menghadiri
attention /əˈtenʃn/ : perhatian
average /ævərɪdʒ/ : rata-rata
based on /beɪsd ɔn/ : berdasarkan pada
beak /bi:k/ : paruh
beast /bi:st/ : binatang (buas)
bellhop /belheʊp/ : pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy)
belt /belt/ : ikat pinggang, sabuk
besides /bɪ’səɪd/ : lagi pula, tambahan
blow/bləʊ/ : bertiup, meniup
break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ : rusak
ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ : upacara
chance /tʃɑ:ns/ : kesempatan
circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ : peredaran, oplah (mis. koran/surat kabar)
coast /kəʊst/ : pantai, pesisir
conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ : konservasi, perlindungan alam
constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ : terus-menerus, tak henti-hentinya.
container /kənˈteɪnə/ : wadah/kotak
continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ : terus-menerus
convert /kən’vɜ:t/ : mengubah
creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ : makhluk
cruise (v.) /kru:z/ : menjelajah
cruise (n.) /kru:z/ : pelayaran, pesiar
custom /ˈkʌstəm/ : adat, kebiasaan
customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ : biasa
decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ : 1. menolak
2. merosot
delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ : lezat, enak
diet /ˈdaɪət/ : diet, makanan
diving /daɪvɪŋ/ : menyelam
dot /dɒt/ : titik, bintik
earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ : mencari nafkah
emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ : muncul, timbul
enliven /ənlɪvən/ : memeriahkan
enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ : sangat besar, hebat
entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ : hiburan, pertunjukan
environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ : lingkungan
excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : ulung, baik sekali, unggul
Glossary 143
expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ : perluasan, pengembangan, ekspansi
explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ : menjelaskan, menerangkan
explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ : penjelasan
farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ : alat pertanian
favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ : baik, menyenangkan, menguntungkan
fencing /fencɪŋ/ : anggar
􀃀 re extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ : alat pemadam kebakaran
􀃁 eet /􀃁 i:t/ : armada
􀃁 esh /􀃁 eʃ/ : daging
frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ : sering kali
furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ : galur, alur
fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ : badan pesawat terbang
grand /grænd/ : agung, menyenangkan, hebat
happen /ˈhæpən/ : 1. terjadi
2. kebetulan saja
headline /hedlaɪn/ : pokok/kepala berita
heel /hi:l/ : tumit
hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ : lari gawang
irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ : tidak teratur
javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ : lembing
kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ : alat memasak/dapur
lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ : kadal
load /ləʊd/ : memuat(i)
look out /lʊkʌʊt/ : 1. berhati-hati
2. awas
manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ : membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin
marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ : kelereng
merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ : hanya, belaka
multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ : mengalikan, melipatgandakan
mythical /mɪðɪkl/ : dongengan
nation /ˈneɪʃn/ : bangsa
naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ : kapal angkutan laut
necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ : keperluan, kebutuhan
nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ : namun, meskipun begitu/demikian
of􀃀 cially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ : secara resmi
parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ : kamar/salon tamu
pay off /peɪəf/ : 1. melunasi
2. memberi hasil
pea /pi:/ : kacang polong
possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ : kemungkinan
preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : 1. memelihara
2. mengawetkan
144 English in Focus for Grade IX
Index of Expressions
• Asking and responding certainty, 2, 3
• Asking repetition, 6, 7
• Showing hesitation, 26, 29
• Responding hesitation, 28, 29
• Showing attention, 50, 51, 52, 55, 56
• Giving admiration, 52, 53, 55, 56
• Giving interesting news or information, 76, 77
• Responding interesting news or information, 83, 84
• Showing polite manners, 100, 101, 102, 103, 106, 107, 108
• Showing simpathy, 51, 52, 53
Index of Grammar
• Using let to introduce imperatives, 16, 17
• Gerunds, 33, 34
• The present perfect tense, 61
• The past perfect tense, 93
• Special 􀃀 nites may and might, can and could, 119
Index of Texts
• Procedural text, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 53, 56,
58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 72, 73, 133, 134, 137
• Report text, 24, 31, 35, 37, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, 70, 71, 103, 110,
114, 115, 117, 127, 129, 118, 132
• Narrative text, 78, 81, 82, 85, 88, 89, 91, 92, 94, 95, 96, 127,
128, 135, 136, 139
Index of Authors
• Clark, Colin, 79
• La Fontaine, 81
• Mckie, Anne, 85, 95
• Wardiman, Artono 24, 117
Index
145
Chapter 1
Do It This Way!
Practice 3
1. Nona : I haven’t slept well lately. I don’t know why.
Ardi : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that
does not sleep easily. First, don’t think too
much. Then, drink a glass of hot milk before
sleeping. You will sleep really well.
Nona : Are you certain about it?
Ardi : De􀃀 nitely.
2. Fadli : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and
quickly?
Cinta : When I get a cold, 􀃀 rst, take medicine. Next, I go
to sleep. Finally, when I get up, I feel fresh again.
Fadli : Really?
Cinta : I’ve no doubt about it.
Practice 5
Mrs Siregar : Hello, Mrs Hery. Where are you going?
Mrs Hery : Oh, hello Mrs Siregar. I am going to the market.
I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar.
They like it very much.
Mrs Siregar : I see. By the way, how do you make your fried
chicken?
Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe.
Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant
recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will
much better. Instant recipe is much quicker.
Mrs Hery : I de􀃀 nitely sure. I know that an instant recipe is
much quicker but I don’t think it’s better.
Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe?
Mrs Hery : Well, I make it easy and quick. You just need
some slices of chicken thighs for about 0.5 kg,
3 cm of ginger, 1 egg, one teaspoon full of
peppers, 3 pieces of garlics, one tablespoon of
salt. First of all, mix the chicken thighs with egg
yolk, keep in the freezer for a half hour. Then,
pound ginger, peppers, garlics and salt. Get
the chicken thighs out from the freezer, mix
it with the pound of the spices. After a while
prepare 0.25 kg 􀃁 our, mix the 􀃁 our with a grain
of peppers. Roll the chicken thighs to the 􀃁 our.
Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown.
Practice 6
Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5.
Practice 7
Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5.
Practice 9
Ingredients :
1. 4 slices (400 gr) papayas
2. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple
3. 1 tablespoon red syrup
4. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup
5. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup
6. Some ice cubes
Practice 10
1. Put the slices of papaya, pineapple, red syrup together
with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for
one minute.
2. Next, do the same to the remaining soursoup, vanilla syrup
and some ice cubes.
3. Finally, pour the juice into some glasses, the white juice is
on the bottom and the red juice is on the top.
Practice 11
Join the Faces of the Month Competition!
• Bring together all of your friends (max. 15 persons)
• Give your best pose and smile is a must!
• Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera.
• Do not use computer effects or contact lenses.
• Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio, jln. Ria
No.15, by 29 March 2008.
Chapter 2
Let’s Dance and Sing
Practice 2
Pop Songs
Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. The
songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love. They
are played by 3bands in dance halls, cafe, restaurants, and the
night clubs and on 4television. The bands consist of six to more
than six 5persons. The boys bands are 6famous today. 7Boys bands
held by Maroon 5, Ungu, Gigi, Letto and Peterpan attract a lot
of people. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian
Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people.
They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices
and they can 10perform well before an audience.
Practice 6
Javanese Culture
Culture, arts, magic, spirits and powers of good and evil
are together to be a part of Javanese culture. Contemporary art
has also developed here. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for
many aspects of life in Java.
Practice 9
1. Mr Herman : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman
Sriwedari tonight. Would you like to come,
Son?
Budi : I’m not so sure, Dad.I’ll have an English
test tomorrow.
2. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy
will pass to the next level of Indonesian
Idol. He sang badly last night.
Yurike : Hmm...let’s see.
3. Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance
beautifully, Mom.
Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry, Fira. Just keep practising,
OK.
4. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert
next month?
Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that. Next
month is an examination time!
Listening Script
146 English in Focus for Grade IX
5. Tio : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. Sabang.
Shall we see it?
Rani : I don’t know, I couldn’t say. I’m still waiting
for my examination result right now. Mr
Burhan said, he would announce it in one
hour.
6. Roni : I can’t be certain about the presentation
of Gigi Band, Sir. Their manager says that
they’re on a full schedule.
Headmaster : That’s too bad. I wish they would come for
this charity.
Practice 10
1. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated
from Honolulu.
2. I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer.
3. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa.
4. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice. She probably
used lip synch.
5. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally
came from.
Practice 11
Good evening young listeners. What will you do at the
coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to 􀃀 ll your
Saturday night. First, launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto
Gallery, at 7 pm, Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends
in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts
from 5 pm. Choose your favorite programme and leave your
chair!
Chapter 3
Be Creative!
Practice 2
Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. Do you know how
to order a ticket by phone?
Anti : Of course I do. First, pick up the phone. Dial the
service number. Then, state your name and address
to the operator.
Sinyo : 1 Oh, I see. Then,2Tell me more.
Anti : And then, state your destination to the operator.
Sinyo : 3What should I do after that?
Anti : Then, state if you are going to pay by credit card or
cheque. Finally, you hang up the phone.
Sinyo : 4Well... Well.. Thanks for the explanation.
Practice 3
Dona : Hey Gun. What are you doing?
Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Ah, now it is
􀃀 nished.
Dona : Wow, That’s marvellous! How did you do that?
Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting
inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point.
Then, I folded over each point with a dot on it and
tape it to the centre.
Dona : Well.. well... Then, tell me more!
Gun : After that, I pushed the drawing pin through the
centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil.
Dona : Oh, I see.
Gun : See. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it
spin.
Dona : Terri􀃀 c!
Practice 5
You will need:
1 cup all-purpose 􀃁 our, 1 egg, 3/4 cup milk, 2 teaspoons sugar,
1 tablespoon baking powder, 1/2 teaspoon salt, 1/2 teaspoon
vanilla (optional)
How to make it
1. Add 􀃁 our, egg, milk, sauce, sugar, powder, salt, and vanilla.
2. Mix well. You may want/need to add a little more 􀃁 our or
milk based on the consistency you want. 3. Add in any extra
goodies and cook over med heat griddle.
Practice 6
Mr Jhon : What is that?
Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns. I just made it. Taste it, please.
Mr Jhon : Ok... hmm. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe
to make this buns.
Mrs Jhon : Well, you need barbecue beef 500 g, 􀃀 nely chopped
onion 25 g, oil 15 ml, sugar 15 ml, soy sauce 15 ml,
oyster sauce 15 ml, cornstarch 20 g and water 100
ml.
Mr Jhon : Oh, I see, then tell me what to do to the
ingredients.
Mrs Jhon : First of all, Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water
completely into a smooth. Mixture. Place a wok
of sauce pan over medium heat until hot. Then,
add and stir oil, onion, and beef for 1 minute. Add
sugar, soy sauce, oyster and remainder water in
wok and stir well. Bring above mix to the boiling.
Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until
thickened over mild heat, cool sweet and savoury
beef down for 􀃀 lling. And in the end, remove roast
beef 􀃀 lling to bowl and refrigerate.
Practice 11
1. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut?
2. What is the 􀃀 rst step?
3. Why should we cut woods into large sticks?
4. How can we make the frame for the house?
5. Where we put palm leaves?
Practice 12
You’re Invited!
The Costume Party 2008
Choose Your Own Character
Wear the Out􀃀 t, and Go Out for Party!
Conditions:
1. Imaginary character out􀃀 t must be original.
2. Your character or weapon must be unique.
3. You must have a mission.
4. You must have a name.
For further details contact us
Hana 09992434
Riko 09997326
Email 􀃀 gureparty@www.􀃀 gurethings.com
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
Text 1
Bright Colours
Police of􀃀 cers wear bright colored jackets when they
are directing traf􀃀 c. This helps drivers to see them clearly,
especially when it is dark. Which colours do you think are the
best to wear for safety at night?
More about Bright Colours
Listening Script 147
You will need:
• a bright torch • white stickers
• scissors • silver glitter
• non-toxic glue • a sheet of black paper
• sticky tack • felt-tip pen
Expressions for number 5 to 10
5. Are you sure that you will get the scholarship?
6. I doubt that I will pass the test
7. Can you hear me?
8. I got headache for the last two days.
9. What do you think of my new hair cut?
10. Hello, Fira. What do you think of my new jacket?
Chapter 4
It’s a Great Story
Practice 3
1. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar
Pelangi.
B : Tell me more about it, then.
2. A : I laughed out loud, when I read the story of a Lovely,
Lovely Mud.
B : Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Practice 6
Loki : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing?
Tari : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from
West Sumatra. Guess what, this is the second time I’m
reading it.
Loki : Well, what so special? Tell me more.
Tari : This story is about a powerful love. Pungguk was a
poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with
Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in
love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had
a 􀃀 ance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a
veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s 􀃀 ance
noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it.
With his sword, he killed Pungguk. Believe it or not,
from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms,
it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds
were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest
branch of a tree looking at a full moon. Surprisingly,
they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”.
Loki : What an interesting story!
Well unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Practice 9
The Greedy Dog
One day, a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very
proud of it. Then, he ran off until he reached the bank of the
river. He looked down into the river water carefully and he
saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth.
Funnily enough, the dog did not realise that it was his own
re􀃁 ection in the water. When he was full, he threw himself on
the other dog to steal his meat as well. Unfortunately, when he
was in the water, he had to let go the remains of the meat to
avoid drowning, and so was left with nothing.
Practice 11
Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky
A long time ago, the Sun and the Moon were a married
couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the
Sea. One day, they invited the Sea to visit them.
So the Sea went along, with the 􀃀 sh and all the members of
his family. Surprisingly, the water began to rise, so that the Sun
and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not
want to be drowned, then they climbed up into the sky, where
they have remained ever since.
Practice 14
Dear diary
Last Sunday, Santi and I 1 were going to the town library
together. We went 2 in the afternoon . In addition , the weather
was 􀃀 ne.
Near the park. some one was 3 following us. We heard some
noises behind the bush. We were very afraid that we 4 thought
we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak.
But then, a dirty, poor boy came out from the bush. He
6 asked for a money to buy some food. Gosh, he was just a 7
hungry kid. So, we gave him some money. He said thanks and
went away. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience.
Chapter 5
Send Me a Letter, Please
Practice 2
Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do?
Herman : My father is a 1postman. He is employed by the post
of􀃀 ce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in
pillar boxes.
Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. He works for the
Ministry of Education. In fact I want to know about
some 3postal matters. Would you tell me more about
it?
Herman : Yeah sure, what do you want to know?
Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX?
Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of􀃀 ce Box. Its 4locked
mailboxes located inside the post of􀃀 ce. They are
used by people who 􀃀 nd them more convenient or
more private than the regular service.
Wu Fei : And 5registered mail?
Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an
additional fee. The post of􀃀 ce insures such mail
and keeps a careful record of it. The addrese must
sign a receipt for it.
Wu Fei : All right, Herman. Thank you very much for the
information.
Practice 3
Nino : Hello, Mr Randi. How are you?
Mr Randi : Hello, Nino. 1I’m 􀃀 ne, thanks.
Nino : So, anyway, how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would
you tell me more about it?
Mr Randi : Well, 3not very smooth exactly.
Nino : Oh, really? Why was that?
Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. I
looked very different, because of the surgery in
my chin two months ago and my haircut. They
almost brought me to the immigration of􀃀 ce.
Nino : 4That’s horrible. What happened next?
Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they
helped me.
Nino : I see.
Practice 6
1. Post Of􀃀 ce Clerk : What do you need, Ma’am?
Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes, 􀃀 ve stamps and a
postcard, please.
148 English in Focus for Grade IX
2. Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta
please.
Post Of􀃀 ce Clerk : Absolutely, Sir. It’s 17421.
3. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost?
Post Of􀃀 ce Clerk : It costs Rp3,500. Ma’am.
4. Post Of􀃀 ce Clerk : May I help you, Sir?
Mr Erwin : Yes, please. Do you know how much is
the charge for a package to Singapore as
soon as possible?
5. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news
by air mail or by electronic mail?
Ela : I prefer by air mail.
Practice 8
Do you know that mail is usually delivered once
a day, six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post
drivers. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his
route.
In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or
motorcycle.
6Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned
to its 7sender. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does
not have a return address. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or
dead-letter of􀃀 ce. The mail is opened to try to 9􀃀 nd the sender
or addressee. If this is unsuccessful, the mail is 10destroyed and
any valuables are sold.
Practice 11
Good evening youngpals wherever you are. Back to
Ramajaya FM. Now, I’ll tell you one interesting ads, especially
for you 􀃀 llatelist freak.
Central post of􀃀 ce has launched two new series of stamp.
Heroes series and cartoon series. You’ll 􀃀 nd Superman, Wonder
woman, Spiderman, Mickey and Minnie Mouse, Tom and Jerry,
Spongebob and Patrick. Each series only Rp150,000,00 and get
10% discount if you buy both series. What’re you waiting for?
Get it now on your nearby post of􀃀 ce.
Exercise of Chapters 4-5
Dear Lula,
How are you? I’m doing good here. One week ago I 1went
to Batam Island for business. I’m so sorry I could not 2come
to Jakarta, because it was only a 3short visit. I only stayed for
one night. My colleague 4picked me up at the airport. Then,
we 5continued our journey to the hotel. It was a very hot day.
I remembered that I 6drank 􀃀 ve cold drinks in one hour. I also
visited Nagoya, Batam Centre and Galang Island. I didn’t
forget to go shopping there. OK, Lula. That’s enough for now.
Don’t forget to write me soon.
Love,
Susan

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